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Table 1 Study variables

From: Mental health impacts among health workers during COVID-19 in a low resource setting: a cross-sectional survey from Nepal

S.N. Variables Categories of variables
Dependent variables
1 Anxiety Normal (0–7) and Anxiety (more than 7) based on Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale
2 Depression Normal (0–7) and Depression (more than 7) based on Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale
3 Insomnia No clinically significant insomnia (0–7), Sub threshold insomnia (8–14), Moderate severity (15–21) and Severe clinical insomnia (22–28) based on Insomnia Severity Index. For analysis purpose, a cut-off score of 10 was taken. Absence (0–9) and Presence of insomnia (10 and above)
Independent variables
Socio-demographic characteristics
1 Age Up to 40 years, Above 40 years
2 Gender Male, Female
3 Ethnicity Brahmin/Chhetri, Janajati, Madheshi and others. Adopted from Nepal’s Health Management Information System
4 Educational qualification Intermediate and below, Bachelor, Masters and above
5 Profession Doctors, Nurses, Others
6 Marital status Single, Ever married
7 Type of family Nuclear, Joint and Extended
8 Living with child less than 15 years Yes, No
9 Living with elderly (above 60 years) Yes, No
10 Having a family member with chronic disease Yes, No
11 History of medication for mental health problem Yes, No
Work related variables
1 Work role Frontline, second line
2 Work experience Up to 5 years, more than 5 years
3 Type of health facility Primary, secondary and tertiary
4 Precautionary measures in workplace Sufficient, insufficient
5 Aware of government incentive for health workers Yes, No
6 Stigma faced due to COVID-19 Yes, No, Do not want to answer
7 Working in affected district Yes, No (District having at least one confirmed case as affected district)
8 Working overtime Yes, No
9 Change in regular job duty Yes, No