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Table 2 Summary of characteristics of included studies (WeChat: WeChat is the most popular social media platform in China, SD: standard deviation, AIS: Athens Sleep disturbances Scale, ISI: Sleep disturbances Severity Index, PSQI: Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index

From: The prevalence of sleep disturbances among physicians and nurses facing the COVID-19 patients: a systematic review and meta-analysis

Rows Name and year Region Type of study and data collection method Workplace samples Total participants Mean age(SD) or range of age Female% Nurses participants Physicians participants Assessment Cutoff point Prevalence of insomnia%
Nurses Physicians
1 Abdulah, D. M.2020 [24] Iraq Cross-sectional web based google form pediatric, emergency, special corona, and maternity and gynecology hospitals in Dehuk 268 35.06(7.61) 29.1 _ 268 AIS > 6 _ 68.3
2 Lai, J. B.2020 [25]. China Cross- sectional hospital-based survey Hospitals in Wuhan, Hubei province outside Wuhan, and Outside Hubei province 1257 (26-40) 76.6 764 493 ISI > 8 38.2 27.4
3 Que, J. Y. 2020 [26]. China Cross -sectional social media platform- based WeChat Healthcare workers from different regions throughout China 2285 31.06(6.99) 69.06 208 860 ISI > 8 33.2 30.9
4 Wang, S. 2020 [27]. China Cross –sectional media platform-based smartphone Children’s Healthcare Centre of Renmin Hospital of Wuhan 123 33.75(8.41) 90 75 48 PSQI > 7 24 60.4
5 Zhang, C. X.2020 [16]. China Cross sectional questionnaire delivered through the mobile phone, WeChat hospital staff from all over China, including the frontline medical workers in Wuhan 1563 > 18 82.7 984 454 ISI > 8 40.1 27.3
6 Tu, Zhi-hao.2020 [28] China Cross sectional questionnaire delivered through the mobile phone, WeChat “Huoshenshan” Hospital in Wuhan 100 34.44(5.85) 100 100 _ PSQI > 7 60 _
7 Zhou, Y.2020 [29]. China Cross –sectional using the Wenjuanxing program which is an application embedded with WeChat, hospital in Liaoning province, China 1931 35.08(8.04) 12 1614 _ PSQI > 7 19.5 _