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Table 4 Top ten active countries in publishing health- and infection-related literature (1980–2019)

From: Bibliometric analysis of peer-reviewed literature on climate change and human health with an emphasis on infectious diseases

Health-related literature Infection-related literature
Rank Country Frequency %
N = 4247
C/D TLS Rank Country Frequency %
N = 1207
C/D TLS
1st United States 1235 29.1 40.1 579 1st United States 365 30.2 47.2 169
2nd United Kingdom 592 13.9 39.8 435 2nd United Kingdom 160 13.3 49.1 127
3rd Australia 512 12.1 30.8 294 3rd Australia 146 12.1 34.2 91
4th Germany 264 6.2 26.6 230 4th Germany 82 6.8 22.1 46
5th Canada 248 5.8 28.5 194 5th China 81 6.7 19.8 68
6th China 234 5.5 24.8 234 6th France 63 5.2 22.5 40
7th France 198 4.7 36.5 177 7th Canada 57 4.7 45.9 36
8th Italy 151 3.6 46.5 145 8th Netherlands 51 4.2 60.0 46
9th India 137 3.2 12.1 59 9th Italy 48 4.0 36.4 46
10th Spain 124 2.9 39.3 142 9th Sweden 48 4.0 44.7 35
  1. C/D = number of citations per document
  2. TLS = total link strength, a measure of the extent of international research collaboration
  3. Infection-related literature: documents on climate change and infectious diseases
  4. Health-related literature: documents on climate change and health