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Table 4 Multinomial logit regression results of social capital and subjective well-being (SWB) among older adults in LIMCs

From: Social capital is associated with improved subjective well-being of older adults with chronic non-communicable disease in six low- and middle-income countries

Explanatory variablesRussiaSouth AfricaMexico
Mod. SWBbHigh.SWBcMod. SWBHigh. SWBMod. SWBHigh. SWB
Social capital1.14***1.19***1.08***1.06***1.011.06*
(0.05)(0.04)(0.02)(0.02)(0.04)(0.03)
MCCa (=1, 0 = Single NCD)0.950.30***1.450.621.010.81
(0.26)(0.08)(0.48)(0.19)(0.35)(0.24)
Social capital*MMC0.961.020.95*0.991.010.97
(0.04)(0.04)(0.03)(0.03)(0.05)(0.04)
Male (=1, 0 = Female)1.011.161.060.891.150.87
(0.17)(0.18)(0.19)(0.15)(0.32)(0.21)
Married (=1, 0 = Single)1.091.191.55**1.47**1.231.04
(0.15)(0.16)(0.27)(0.23)(0.30)(0.22)
Age in years0.991.001.001.010.991.00
(0.01)(0.01)(0.01)(0.01)(0.01)(0.01)
Working (=1, 0 = not working)0.761.251.361.69***1.592.64***
(0.15)(0.22)(0.29)(0.32)(0.56)(0.82)
Income tertile (Ref = Low)
 Medium1.211.46**1.032.07***1.231.52
(0.19)(0.22)(0.21)(0.38)(0.38)(0.41)
 High1.241.84***1.48**4.03***1.281.73**
(0.19)(0.26)(0.28)(0.69)(0.34)(0.39)
Education (ref = No education)
 Primary0.682.001.011.011.331.15
(0.31)(1.35)(0.17)(0.16)(0.37)(0.27)
 Secondary0.832.931.341.77**1.601.41
(0.36)(1.94)(0.33)(0.40)(0.81)(0.62)
 Tertiary1.053.90**1.061.941.241.46
(0.49)(2.66)(0.58)(0.92)(0.67)(0.65)
Currently drinking alcohol (=1, 0 = not drinking alcohol)1.161.220.690.940.771.19
(0.18)(0.18)(0.18)(0.21)(0.32)(0.42)
Currently smoking (=1, 0 = not drinking alcohol)1.040.980.781.130.920.67
(0.22)(0.19)(0.15)(0.19)(0.27)(0.17)
Number of fruit and vegetables consumed1.12***1.14***0.981.010.921.08
(0.03)(0.03)(0.03)(0.03)(0.06)(0.06)
Engaged in moderate intensive exercise (=1, 0 = Not engaged)1.14**1.12**1.061.131.021.02
(0.06)(0.06)(0.13)(0.12)(0.12)(0.10)
Urban1.061.49***1.41**2.15***0.770.94
(0.16)(0.22)(0.23)(0.33)(0.20)(0.21)
Constant1.040.18*0.370.14***2.243.46
(0.81)(0.16)(0.24)(0.08)(2.37)(3.14)
Pseudo R-sq.0.100.090.04
LR-ChiSq514.2***271.9***83.9***
Observations225515231297
  1. aMultiple Chronic Condition: bModerate Subject well-being; cModerate Subject well-being; Robust standard errors in parentheses *** p < 0.01, ** p < 0.05, * p < 0.1