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Table 2 Level of involvement in HPSR+A among producers of evidence in Enugu and Anambra States

From: Building the capacity of users and producers of evidence in health policy and systems research for better control of endemic diseases in Nigeria: a situational analysis

VariablesEnugu (N = 23) n(%)Anambra (N = 27)
n(%)
Difference
2(p-value)
Both (N = 50)
n(%)
Ever been involved in HPSR+A20(87.0)19(70.4)1.991(0.158)39(78.0)
Involved in any on-going HPSR+A research16(69.6)10(37.0)5.265(0.022)26(52.0)
Area of current worka
 Research16(69.6)10(37.0)4.154(0.042)26(52.0)
 Policy analysis4(17.4)5(18.5)0.011(0.918)9(18.0)
 Policy formulation1(4.3)2(7.4)0.206(0.650)3(6.0)
 Decision making1(4.3)3(11.1)0.772(0.380)4(8.0)
 Research uptake6(26.1)2(7.4)3.224(0.073)8(16.0)
 Implementation research3(13.0)3(11.1)0.044(0.834)6(12.0)
 Operation research6(26.1)5(18.5)0.415(0.520)11(22.0)
Enabling factorsa
 Personal interest16(69.6)10(37.0)4.177(0.041)26(52.0)
 Mentorship13(56.5)7(25.9)4.844(0.028)20(40.0)
 Appraisal8(34.8)10(37.0)0.027(0.869)18(36.0)
 Availability of grant7(30.4)5(18.5)0.967(0.508)12(24.0)
 Adequate education resources5(21.7)7(25.9)0.119(0.730)12(24.0)
 Availability of job opportunity3(13.0)6(22.2)0.709(0.400)9(18.0)
Constraining factors*
 Lack of fund/grants15(65.2)16(59.3)0.187(0.665)31(62.0)
 Lack of interest5(21.7)11(40.7)2.061(0.151)16(32.0)
 Lack of mentorship5(21.7)9(33.3)0.828(0.363)14(28.0)
 Lack of education resources8(34.8)5(18.5)1.708(0.191)13(26.0)
 Limited availability of data6(26.1)4(14.8)0.986(0.321)10(20.0)
 Mean % (SD)Mean % (SD)X2(p-value)Mean % (SD)
% research time spent in HPSR+A43.9 (±29.2)29.1 (±18.3)14.2 (±0.02)37.1 (±25.6)
  1. amultiple responses allowed