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Table 2 Pre-existing conditions and components of HiAP

From: Urban health: an example of a “health in all policies” approach in the context of SDGs implementation

Pre-existing conditions necessary to conduct HiAPComponents of HiAP
1. Supportive context with:
• political will
• legal backing
• governance structures and processes for intersectoral communication and implementation
2. Resources and skills to:
• analyze impacts of major policies and policy proposals from the health perspective
• communicate and negotiate across sectors
• implement policy decisions
• follow up policies’ impacts on determinants of health, and their distribution
3. Information on:
• health situation and causes of ill-health, including distributional data on health inequities
• potential health threats and exposures
• effective policies/interventions from the health perspective, policy trends and proposals being developed across sectors, policy processes and actors beyond the health sector involved
Source: extracted from Ministry of Social Affairs and Health, Finland, 2013 [19]
1. Establish the needs and priorities for HiAP;
2. Frame planned action;
3. Identify supportive structures and processes;
4. Facilitate assessment and engagement;
5. Ensure monitoring, evaluation and reporting;
6. Build capacity. Examples of HiAP indicators include participation of actors (by type, sectors or level), changes in organizational structures and culture (e.g. interministerial or inter-departmental committees), opportunities for joint actions, and willingness to share information and expertise.
Source: HiAP by WHO’s HiAP Framework for Country Action [20]