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Table 1 Percent distribution of sampled children age 0–59 months by child’s, mother’s, and household characteristics, Ethiopia DHS 2016

From: Determinants of nutritional status among children under age 5 in Ethiopia: further analysis of the 2016 Ethiopia demographic and health survey

Variables N (%)
Child’s characteristics
 Age
  Less than 6 months 703 (7.5)
  6–11 months 1018 (10.8)
  12–17 months 1105 (11.7)
  18–23 months 831 (8.8)
  24–59 months 5762 (61)
 Sex
  Male 4832 (51.3)
  Female 4587 (48.7)
 Birth order
  First 1656 (17.6)
  2 to 4 4066 (43.2)
  5 or higher 3697 (39.3)
 Perceived weight at birth
  Very small 1474 (15.8)
  Smaller than average 918 (9.8)
  Average 3894 (41.6)
  Very large or larger than average 3069 (32.8)
Mother’s characteristics
 Marital status
  Never married 53 (0.6)
  Married/living with partner 8932 (94.8)
  Widowed/divorced/separated 434 (4.6)
 Age at child’s birth
  12–19 993 (10.5)
  20–49 8427 (89.5)
 Educational status
  No education 6251 (64.6)
  Primary 2500 (26.5)
  Secondary and above 668 (7.1)
 Working status
  No 6780 (72.0)
  Yes 2640 (28.0)
 Mother’s BMI
  Underweight 1809 (19.7)
  Normal 6774 (73.8)
  Overweight 596 (6.5)
 Maternal stature
  Normal stature 8932 (97.3)
  Short stature 252 (2.7)
Household characteristics
 Sex of household head
  Male 8137 (86.4)
  Female 1282 (13.6)
 Place of residence
  Urban 1080 (11.5)
  Rural 8339 (88.5)
 Region
  Tigray 620 (6.6)
  Afar 94 (1.0)
  Amhara 1774 (18.8)
  Oromia 4090 (43.4)
  Somali 426 (4.5)
  Benishangul 100 (1.1)
  SNNP 2016 (21.4)
  Gambela 23 (0.2)
  Harari 22 (0.2)
  Addis Ababa 215 (2.3)
  Dire Dawa 39 (0.4)
 Wealth quintile
  Poorest 2237 (23.7)
  Poorer 2111 (22.4)
  Middle 1984 (21.1)
  Richer 1700 (18.0)
  Richest 1387 (14.7)
 Drinking water source
  Improved water 5347 (56.8)
  Non-improved water 4072 (43.2)
 Type of toilet
  Improved toilet 976 (10.4)
  Non-improved toilet 8443 (89.6)
 Type of cooking fuel
  Modern fuel 324 (3.4)
  Traditional fuel 9095 (96.6)
Total 9419 (100)