Skip to main content

Advertisement

Table 1 Path analysis of the relationships between livestock consumption and diet-related NCD risks through livestock production and trade from 1992 to 2011

From: Telecoupled impacts of livestock trade on non-communicable diseases

Path analysis Unstandardized coefficient (S.E.)
Dependent variable: Livestock production (kcal)
 Protein supply of animal origin (g/capita/day) 1.482** (0.184)
 Pasture and meadows (km2) −0.068* (0.031)
 GDP-PPP per capita (2011 $ const.) −0.006 (0.103)
 Population (persons) 1.190* (0.048)
Dependent variable: Livestock export (kcal)
 Protein supply of animal origin (g/capita/day) 4.119** (1.131)
 Pasture and meadows (km2) −0.060 (0.190)
 GDP-PPP per capita (2011 $ const.) 1.208 (0.633)
 Population (persons) 1.429** (0.292)
Dependent variable: Livestock import (kcal)
 Protein supply of animal origin (g/capita/day) 0.897* (0.292)
 Pasture and meadows (km2) −0.051 (0.049)
 GDP-PPP per capita (2011 $ const.) 0.761** (0.163)
 Population (persons) 0.633** (0.075)
Dependent variable: Livestock consumption (kcal/capita/day)
 Livestock Production (kcal) 0.370** (0.035)
 Livestock Export (kcal) 0.005 (0.006)
 Livestock Import (kcal) 0.049* (0.024)
 Pasture and meadows (km2) 0.053** (0.015)
 GDP-PPP per capita (2011 $ const.) 0.222** (0.043)
 Population (persons) −0.539** (0.042)
Dependent variable: Disability-adjusted life years from high (years)
 Livestock consumption (kcal/capita/day) 1.557** (0.164)
 Pasture and meadows (km2) 0.023 (0.043)
 GDP-PPP per capita (2011 $ const.) 0.518** (0.115)
 Population (persons) 1.085** (0.065)
Dependent variable: Number of deaths from diets high in meat (persons)
 Livestock consumption (kcal/capita/day) 1.616** (0.171)
 Pasture and meadows (km2) −0.011 (0.044)
 GDP-PPP per capita (2011 $ const.) 0.404* (0.120)
 Population (persons) 0.978** (0.068)
Dependent variable: Age-standardized death rate from diets high in meat (per 100,000 people)
 Livestock consumption (kcal/capita/day) 0.589** (0.096)
 Pasture and meadows (km2) 0.016 (0.025)
 GDP-PPP per capita (2011 $ const.) 0.184* (0.067)
 Population (persons) 0.080* (0.038)
χ 2 149.851
df 14
CFI 0.941
SRMR 0.026
  1. Values in parentheses are standard errors
  2. All variables are log transformation variables, except the index of NCD risk factors
  3. * P < 0.05, ** P < 0.001