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Table 2 Public health law coverage of countries by subjects

From: Public health law coverage in support of the health-related sustainable development goals (SDGs) among 33 Western Pacific countries

Category Variables Mean ± SD (n = 33)
N (%)
Yes No DNK
General provision Constitutional provision on health 21.7 ± 6.7 20 (60.6) 13 (39.4) 0 (0.0)
Human rights 16 (48.5) 21 (63.6) 2 (6.1)
International treaties 29 (87.9) 3 (9.1) 1 (3.0)
Health system Health care organization 22.8 ± 5.1 31 (93.9) 0 (0.0) 2 (6.1)
Health financing 21 (63.6) 10 (30.3) 2 (6.1)
Health research 18 (54.5) 11 (33.3) 3 (9.1)
Health education 23 (60.6) 7 (21.2) 3 (9.1)
Health workers 30 (90.9) 2 (6.1) 1 (3.0)
Health care facilities 26 (78.8) 4 (12.1) 3 (9.1)
Pharmaceuticals 25 (60.6) 8 (24.2) 0 (0.0)
Traditional medicines 19 (57.6) 12 (36.4) 2 (6.1)
Medical devices 16 (48.5) 12 (36.8) 5 (15.2)
Health information 19 (60.6) 9 (27.3) 5 (15.2)
Disease control Communicable disease 22.3 ± 6.5 31 (93.9) 1 (3.0) 1 (3.0)
HIV/AIDS 23 (69.7) 10 (30.3) 0 (0.0)
Organ transplantation 16 (48.5) 13 (39.4) 4 (12.1)
Non-communicable disease 19 (60.6) 11 (33.3) 3 (9.1)
Healthy community and population Oral health 20.6 ± 6.8 13 (39.4) 15 (45.5) 5 (15.2)
Family health 12 (36.4) 16 (48.6) 5 (15.2)
Child health 24 (60.6) 3 (9.1) 6 (18.2)
Human reproduction 9 (27.3) 19 (57.6) 5 (15.2)
Elderly care 19 (57.6) 9 (27.3) 5 (15.2)
Disable care 20 (60.6) 3 (9.1) 6 (18.2)
Mental health 27 (81.8) 4 (12.1) 2 (6.1)
Smoking control 28 (84.4) 5 (15.2) 0 (0.0)
Alcohol control 25 (60.6) 5 (15.2) 3 (9.1)
Drug abuse 31 (93.9) 2 (6.1) 0 (0.0)
Nutrition 17 (51.5) 12 (36.4) 4 (12.1)
Accident prevention 26 (78.8) 4 (12.1) 3 (9.1)
Sports and recreation 17 (51.5) 9 (27.3) 7 (21.2)
Health ethics issue Biomedical ethics 23.5 ± 4.4 18 (54.5) 12 (36.4) 3 (9.1)
Death and dying 22 (66.7) 7 (21.2) 4 (12.1)
Post-mortem examinations 27 (81.8) 3 (9.1) 3 (9.1)
Dead disposal 27 (81.8) 5 (15.2) 1 (3.0)
Health Security Food safety 24.8 ± 5.3 27 (81.8) 2 (6.1) 4 (12.1)
Poisons and hazardous substances 26 (78.8) 4 (12.1) 3 (9.1)
Occupational health and safety 25 (60.6) 7 (21.2) 1 (3.0)
Environmental protection 30 (90.9) 1 (3.0) 2 (6.1)
Radiation protection 16 (48.5) 12 (36.4) 5 (15.2)