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Table 1 Comparative demographic data Australia, South Africa and Namibia

From: The health impacts of extractive industry transnational corporations: a study of Rio Tinto in Australia and Southern Africa

Demographic domain Australia South Africa Namibia
Population (million) 23.9 53.5 2.5
Life expectancy (OECD average 80.9 years) 82.4 57.2 64
Unemployment rate 6.1 26.7 28.1
Income inequality -Gini coefficient (OECD average 0.31) 0.337 0.634 0.572
Relative poverty rate (OECD average 11.0) 12.8 53.8 45.7
GDP per capita (000 $USD PPP) (OECD average 41.2) 46.7 13.7 9
Tertiary education 25–64 years (OECD average 35.7) 42.9 6.4 < 10
Number of International Labor Organization (ILO) Conventions ratified 58 54 11
a) Fundamental a) 7 of 8 a) 8 of 8 a) 8 of 8
b) Governance b) 3 of 4 b) 2 of 4 b) 1 of 4
c) Technical c) 48 of 177 c)17 of 177 c) 2 of 177
Transparency International Corruption Perceptions Index 2017:    
Rank by country 1–89 13 71 53
Corruption Perception Index (CPI - 77) (CPI - 43) (CPI - 51)
World Bank: Regulatory Quality Perceptions of government ability to formulate and implement sound policies and regulations (2016 percentile rank 0–100) 97.60 62.02 49.52
World Bank: Government Effectiveness Perceptions of quality of public / civil services and degree of independence from political pressures, quality of policy formulation / implementation, and credibility of government commitment. 2016 percentile rank 0–100 92.31 64.90 60.10
World Bank: Voice / Accountability Perceptions of the extent to which a country’s citizens are able to participate in selecting their government, as well as freedom of expression and association and a free media 2016 percentile rank 0–100 94.09 67.98 66.50
World Bank: Political stability and absence of violence Perceptions of the likelihood of political instability and/or politically motivated violence including terrorism 2016 percentile rank 0–100 81.90 42.38 70.00
World Bank: Rule of law Perceptions of the extent to which agents have confidence in and abide by the rules, quality of contract enforcement, property rights, the police, courts, and the likelihood of crime and violence 2016 percentile rank 0–100 95.19 58.17 64.42
World Bank: Control of corruption Perception of the extent to which public power is exercised for private gain including corruption and ‘capture’ by private interests 2016 percentile rank 0–100 93.27 65.87 64.42
Average Salary 2018 (world ranking): US$88,275 [160] US$47,046 [161] US$22,927 [63]
Purchasing power parity ranking comparison (per capita of GDP) 15 91 115
  1. Source: OECD,The World Economic Forum, Business Tech, World Bank, ILO, Transparency International, World Bank [162,163,164,165,166,167,168,169,170,171,172,173,174]