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Table 1 Participants’ socio-demographic and migration-related characteristics by income levels of countries of origin

From: Assessment of the health status and health service perceptions of international migrants coming to Guangzhou, China, from high-, middle- and low-income countries

  LICs MICs HICs All P value
204 (17.8%) 654 (57.1%) 288 (25.1%) 1146
Socio-demographic characteristics
 Gender 0.021a
  Male 166 (81.4) 471 (72.0) 220 (76.4) 857 (74.8)
  Female 38 (18.6) 183 (28.0) 68 (23.6) 289 (25.2)
 Age (mean ± SD) 29.2 ± 7.5 29.8 ± 8.8 36.1 ± 11.4 31.3 ± 9.7 < 0.001bc
 Education level 0.030bc
  Junior high or below 13 (6.4) 41 (6.3) 7 (2.4) 61 (5.3)
  Senior high school 31 (15.3) 90 (13.8) 35 (12.2) 156 (13.6)
  College or above 158 (78.2) 522 (79.9) 246 (85.4) 926 (81.0)
 Current marital status 0.012c
  Married 68 (33.3) 265 (40.6) 125 (43.4) 458 (40.0)
  Cohabitation 15 (7.4) 41 (6.3) 31 (10.8) 87 (7.6)
  Single 121 (59.3) 347 (53.1) 132 (45.8) 600 (52.4)
 Currently has a job in China < 0.001bc
  No 101 (49.5) 271 (41.4) 83 (28.8) 455 (39.7)
  Yes 103 (50.5) 383 (58.6) 205 (71.2) 691 (60.3)
Migration-related characteristics
 Visa type < 0.001abc
  Tourist visa 20 (9.8) 100 (15.4) 48 (16.9) 168 (14.7)
  Business visa 58 (28.4) 158 (24.3) 54 (19.0) 270 (23.7)
  Work visa 17 (8.3) 161 (24.7) 98 (34.5) 276 (24.2)
  Student visa 96 (47.1) 167 (25.7) 38 (13.4) 301 (26.4)
  Others 13 (6.4) 65 (10.0) 46 (16.2) 124 (10.9)
 Number of years since the first visit to China < 0.001abc
  > 10 years 16 (8.0) 110 (16.9) 68 (24.1) 194 (17.1)
  6–10 years 40 (20.1) 143 (21.9) 82 (29.1) 265 (23.4)
  < 6 years 143 (71.9) 399 (61.2) 132 (46.8) 674 (59.5)
 Number of visits to China < 0.001abc
  Once 77 (37.9) 162 (24.8) 48 (16.7) 287 (25.1)
  2–5 times 68 (33.5) 218 (33.4) 91 (31.6) 377 (33.0)
  6–10 times 24 (11.8) 84 (12.9) 38 (13.2) 146 (12.8)
  > 10 times 34 (16.7) 189 (28.9) 111 (38.5) 334 (29.2)
 Number of cumulative months of stay in China < 0.001ac
  0–6 97 (50.0) 440 (69.3) 180 (64.7) 717 (64.8)
  7–12 20 (10.3) 66 (10.4) 27 (9.7) 113 (10.2)
  13–60 52 (26.8) 77 (12.1) 41 (14.7) 170 (15.4)
  61≤ 25 (12.9) 52 (8.2) 30 (10.8) 107 (9.7)
  1. aDifferences between participants from LICs and those from MICs were statistically significant
  2. bDifferences between participants from MICs and those from HICs were statistically significant
  3. cDifferences between participants from LICs and those from HICs were statistically significant