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Table 4 Risks associated with diabetes mellitus-related mortality per 100,000 persons in 2015 among individuals aged ≥15 years

From: Sex differences and risk factors for diabetes mellitus - an international study from 193 countries

  Crude model Adjusted modela
Risk factors
 Dietary risks 1.4 (1.1–1.6) 1.4 (1.1–1.6)
 Low physical activity 2.4 (2.0–2.7) 2.0 (1.6–2.4)
 Smoking 0.8 (0.4–1.2) 0.8 (0.4–1.3)
Country income level
 High-income   ref
 Middle-income   13.8 (3.6–23.9)
 Low-income   20.4 (6.8–34.0)
Sex
 Male   ref
 Female   −1.2 (−10.5–8.1)
Age group
 15–49 years   ref
 50–69 years   0.9 (−10.2–12.1)
  ≥ 70 years   57.7 (44.9–70.6)
  1. aAdjusted for country income level, sex and age