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Table 2 Illicit trade from Brazil and US via Paraguay in the early 1990s

From: From transit hub to major supplier of illicit cigarettes to Argentina and Brazil: the changing role of domestic production and transnational tobacco companies in Paraguay between 1960 and 2003

  Cigarettes from Brazil Cigarettes from the USA Brazil + USA   
Exports to PGY reported by BRA Imports from BRA reported by PGY Exports to PGY reported by USA Imports from USA reported by PGY Imports from BRA & USA reported by PGY All imports reported by PGY All imports reported by PGY (in billion sticks)a
1989 401 0 0 1566 1566 1632 1.6
1990 1365 0 0 1759 1759 1787 1.7
1991 2586 0 2478 3877 3877 3995 3.8
1992 5703 5 2196 3277 3282 3747 3.6
1993 11,118 2 2594 3488 3490 3668 3.5
  1. Source: UN Comtrade, HS Code 240220: ‘Cigarettes; containing tobacco’
  2. In metric tonnes
  3. aConversion from metric tonnes to cigarettes: 1 kg = 956.4 cigarettes [31]