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Table 3 Risk factors for severe underweight in children aged less than 5 years

From: Socio-economic risk factors for early childhood underweight in Bangladesh

Factors   Severe Underweight (%) N OR 95% CI
Household member <=3 8.82 2449   
4--6 8.69 10,904 0.89 (0.75–1.05)
> = 7 9.13 3780 0.98 (0.80–1.20)
Age (Months) 0--5 6.57 1872   
6–11 6.86 1851 1.25 (0.94–1.66)
12–23 9.02 3749 1.81 (1.40–2.34)***
24–35 11.16 3530 2.32 (1.80–3.00)***
36–47 9.74 3212 2.04 (1.56–2.65)***
48–59 7.33 2919 1.48 (1.12–1.95)***
Gender Male 9.25 8853   
Female 8.33 8280 0.90 (0.80–1.00)
Area Urban 6.91 2719   
Rural 9.16 14,414 0.96 (0.80–1.15)
Division Dhaka 8.63 4345   
Barisal 9.87 1652 1.06 (0.86–1.32)
Chittagong 10.10 3346 1.06 (0.89–1.26)
Khulna 5.60 2392 0.68 (0.55–0.85)**
Rajshahi 7.72 1762 0.86 (0.69–1.06)
Rangpur 8.03 2229 0.82 (0.67–1.00)
Sylhet 13.08 1407 1.34 (1.09–1.66)**
Education of mother None 12.79 4129   
Primary incomplete 10.87 2493 0.93 (0.78–1.10)
Primary complete 8.99 2637 0.79 (0.66–0.95)*
Secondary incomplete 6.77 5926 0.78 (0.65–0.92)**
Secondary complete or higher 3.70 1948 0.69 (0.49–0.97)*
Education of father None 11.81 5428   
Primary incomplete 9.98 2454 0.93 (0.79–1.09)
Primary complete 9.60 2145 1.02 (0.86–1.22)
Secondary incomplete 6.46 3175 0.79 (0.65–0.95)*
Secondary complete or higher 3.96 2399 0.66 (0.50–0.88)**
Wealth index quintile Poorest 12.59 4979   
Second 10.28 3745 0.93 (0.80–1.08)
Middle 8.30 3203 0.80 (0.67–0.96)*
Fourth 5.55 2830 0.51 (0.40–0.64)***
Richest 3.11 2376 0.32 (0.23–0.46)***
Child drank plain water yesterday Yes 8.65 14,619   
No 9.77 2487 1.45 (1.21–1.73)***
Child drank milk yesterday Yes 7.28 4013   
No 9.28 13,105 0.94 (0.81–1.09)
Child ate vitamin yesterday Yes 7.67 1551   
No 8.93 15,559 1.01 (0.81–1.25)
Toilet facility Flush latrine 6.44 4100   
Pit latrine 8.73 10,677 0.91 (0.76–1.08)
Hanging latrine 14.40 1333 1.01 (0.80–1.28)
Others 11.81 1016 0.96 (0.73–1.26)
Salt iodization test Not iodized 0 PPM 10.46 4619   
More than 0 PPM and less than 15 PPM 10.33 3486 1.04 (0.89–1.21)
15 PPM or more 7.38 8750 0.94 (0.82–1.08)
No salt in the household 7.01 157 0.79 (0.42–1.47)
Number of under five children     1.17 (1.02–1.33)*
  1. *** p < 0.001; ** p < 0.01, * p < 0.0