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Table 2 Description of the studies in the comparative analysis (n = 93)

From: Use of health services among international migrant children – a systematic review

  Number (%)
Continent of receiving country
 Europe 54 (58%)
 North America 34 (37%)
 Asia 3 (3%)
 Australia 2 (2%)
Theme (combinations possible)
 General access/having a usual source of care 27 (29%)
 Vaccines 19 (22%)
 Mental health 16 (17%)
 Hospital or ER use 15 (16%)
 Oral health 14 (15%)
 Primary care use 12 (13%)
 Other 2 (2%)
Study population characteristics
 Sample size
  Sample size < 200 8 (9%)
  Sample size 200–10.000 46 (50%)
  Sample size > 10.000 39 (42%)
 Type of migrants
  Not specified or mixed 85 (91%)
  Refugee only 8 (9%)
  Labour only 0
 Generation of migrants
  Not specified or mixed 13 (14%)
  Only first-generation migrants 16 (17%)
  Only second-generation migrants 64 (69%)
 Age range
  < 7 years only 14 (15%)
  12–18 years only 11 (12%)
  Other or all children 0–18 years 68 (73%)
 Origin of migrants
  All or several countries 37 (40%)
  Hispanic 6 (6%)
  Asian 2 (2%)
  African 1 (1%)
  Non-Western/Less developed countries 3 (3%)
  Western countries 1 (1%)
  Turkey 1 (1%)
  Chile 1 (1%)
  North Korea 1 (1%)
  Not specified 41 (44%)
Methodological characteristics
 Study design
  Cross-sectional 76 (82%)
  Longitudinal (prospective, retrospective) 17 (18%)
 Study representativeness
  Regional 60 (65%)
  National 33 (35%)
 Data source (combinations possible)
  Register or other routine data 44 (47%)
  National survey 29 (31%)
  Questionnaire to a targeted study population 26 (28%)
  Other 7 (8%)
 Type of source (combinations possible)
  Register or other routine data 39 (42%)
  Parent-report 36 (39%)
  Self-report 13 (14%)
  Other (e.g. blood sample) 7 (8%)
 Confounding variables adjusted for (combinations possible)
  Sex 45 (48%)
  Age 44 (47%)
  Education of parents 22 (24%)
  Income of parents 15 (16%)
  Other SES of parents 15 (16%)
  Need indicators (health status) 15 (16%)
  Insurance 14 (15%)
  Ethnicity 10 (11%)
  Language spoken at home 6 (6%)
  Parental attitudes or beliefs 5 (5%)
  None 24 (26%)