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Table 4 Number of acts of violence reported by residents and professionals

From: Assessing reported cases of sexual and gender-based violence, causes and preventive strategies, in European asylum reception facilities

Total Acts Violence Residents Professionals Total Acts
Female Male Acts N = 510 (%) Female Male Acts N = 600 (%) N = 1110 (%)
Physical Violence 207 (40.6) 259 (43.2) 466 (42.0)
 Singular non life-threathening 53 (25.6) 73 (35.3) 126 (24.7) 72 (27.8) 58 (22.5) 131a (21.8) 257 (23.2)
 Multiple non life- threathening 11 (5.3) 18 (8.7) 29 (5.7) 24 (9.3) 16 (6.2) 40 (6.7) 69 (6.2)
 Singular life- threathening 13 (6.3) 23 (11.1) 36 (7.1) 34 (13.1) 25 (9.7) 59 (9.8) 95 (8.6)
 Multiple life- threathening 2 (1.0) 11 (5.3) 13 (2.5) 18 (6.9) 10 (3.9) 28 (4.7) 41 (3.7)
 Killing 1 (0.5) 2 (1.0) 3 (0.6) 1 (0.4) 0 (0.0) 1 (0.2) 4 (0.4)
Psychological Violence 192 (37.6) 260 (43.3) 452 (40.7)
 Verbal violence 34 (17.7) 43 (22.4) 77 (15.1) 46 (17.7) 43 (16.5) 89 (14.8) 166 (15.0)
 Humiliation 23 (12.0) 52 (27.1) 75 (14.7) 23 (8.8) 22 (8.5) 45 (7.5) 120 (10.8)
 Threatening 9 (4.7) 20 (10.4) 29 (5.7) 46 (17.7) 39 (15.0) 85 (14.2) 114 (10.3)
 Confinement 1 (0.5) 3 (1.6) 4 (0.8) 3 (1.2) 3 (1.2) 6 (1.0) 10 (0.9)
 Relational violence 6 (3.1) 1 (0.5) 7 (1.4) 25 (9.6) 9 (3.5) 35a (5.8) 42 (3.8)
Sexual Violence 27 (5.3) 38 (6.3) 65 (5.9)
 Sexual harrasment 6 (22.2) 6 (22.2) 12 (2.4) 11 (28.9) 10 (26.3) 21 (3.5) 33 (3.0)
 Sexual abuse 3 (11.1) 3 (11.1) 6 (1.2) 4 (10.5) 2 (5.3) 6 (1.0) 12 (1.1)
 Attempt to rape 1 (3.7) 0 (0.0) 1 (0.2) 0 (0.0) 0 (0.0) 0 (0.0) 1 (0.1)
 Rape 0 (0.0) 3 (11.1) 3 (0.6) 2 (5.3) 1 (2.6) 4a (0.7) 7 (0.6)
 Sexual exploitation 2 (7.4) 3 (11.1) 5 (1.0) 5 (13.2) 2 (5.3) 7 (1.2) 12 (1.1)
Harmfull Cultural Practices 0 (0.0) 0 (0.0) 0 (0.0) 0 (0.0) 0 (0.0) 0 (0.0) 0 (0.0)
Socio-economic Violence 84 (16.5) 43 (7.2) 127 (11.4)
 Discrimination 9 (10.7) 21 (25.0) 30 (5.9) 7 (16.3) 7 (16.3) 14 (2.3) 44 (4.0)
 Refusal of assistance 18 (21.4) 27 (32.1) 45 (8.6) 9 (20.9) 16 (37.2) 25 (4.2) 68 (6.1)
 Social exclusion 4 (4.8) 3 (3.6) 7 (1.4) 0 (0.0) 2 (4.7) 2 (0.3) 9 (0.8)
 Refusal of legal protection 0 (0.0) 2 (2.4) 2 (0.4) 1 (2.3) 1 (2.3) 2 (0.3) 6 (0.5)
  1. aOne missing value