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Table 6 Comparison of baseline characteristics between those included and those excluded, MIYCN Study, Nairobi Slums

From: Effectiveness of home-based nutritional counselling and support on exclusive breastfeeding in urban poor settings in Nairobi: a cluster randomized controlled trial

  Excluded Included Total  
  N % N % N % P-Value
Study group
 Control 203 45.6 581 52.3 784 50.4 0.017
 Intervention 242 54.4 529 47.7 771 49.6  
Mother’s age
 14–20 102 23.5 297 26.9 399 25.9  
 21–24 139 32 355 32.2 494 32.1 0.188
 25–29 129 29.7 273 24.7 402 26.1  
 30–45 64 14.7 179 16.2 243 15.8  
Mothers marital status
 Married 352 80.9 948 86.7 1266 82.9 0.206
 Not married 83 19.1 145 13.3 262 17.1  
Mothers highest completed education level
 Less than Primary 83 19.3 197 18.4 280 18.6  
 Primary School 259 60.1 611 56.9 870 57.8 0.247
 Secondary+ 89 20.6 265 24.7 354 23.5  
Mother’s religion
 Christian 387 87 1005 90.5 1392 89.5  
 Muslim/Other 58 13 105 9.5 163 10.5 0.038
Mother’s main source of livelihood
 Business/self-employment 59 13.7 131 12.2 190 12.6  
 Informal employment 45 10.4 91 8.5 136 9 0.488
 Formal employment 28 6.5 79 7.4 107 7.1  
 Unemployed 299 69.4 771 71.9 1070 71.2  
Mother’s ethnicity
 Kikuyu 87 19.6 251 22.6 338 21.7  
 Luhya 74 16.6 165 14.9 239 15.4  
 Luo 52 11.7 147 13.2 199 12.8 0.142
 Kamba 59 13.3 176 15.9 235 15.1  
 Other groups 62 13.9 153 13.8 215 13.8  
 Missing 111 24.9 218 19.6 329 21.2  
Mother’s parity
 Null 150 33.7 435 39.2 585 37.6  
 One 143 32.1 343 30.9 486 31.3 0.104
 Two+ 152 34.2 332 29.9 484 31.1  
Household wealth status
 Lowest 109 24.5 269 24.2 378 24.3  
 Middle 97 21.8 280 25.2 377 24.2 0.477
 Highest 109 24.5 268 24.1 377 24.2  
 Missing 130 29.2 293 26.4 423 27.2  
Household food security status
 Food secure 73 21.5 280 28.3 353 26.5  
 Moderate Food Insecure 144 42.4 403 40.7 547 41.1 0.035
 Severely Food insecure 123 36.2 307 31 430 32.3  
Mother knowledgeable on EBF at baselinea
 No 142 33.7 368 34.9 510 34.6  
 Yes 279 66.3 687 65.1 966 65.4 0.674
  1. aKnowledge that food/drinks other than breast milk should be introduced at six months