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Table 5 Baseline distribution of those excluded by demographic and socioeconomic variables between intervention and control arms, MIYCN Study, Nairobi slums

From: Effectiveness of home-based nutritional counselling and support on exclusive breastfeeding in urban poor settings in Nairobi: a cluster randomized controlled trial

  Control Intervention Total  
  N % N % N % P-Value
Mother’s age in years
 14–20 51 25.5 51 21.8 102 23.5  
 21–24 63 31.5 76 32.5 139 32 0.833
 25–29 58 29 71 30.3 129 29.7  
 30–45 28 14 36 15.4 64 14.7  
Mother’s marital status
 Married 165 81.7 187 80.3 352 80.9  
 Not married 37 18.3 46 19.7 83 19.1 0.706
Mother’s highest completed education level
 Less than Primary 43 21.4 40 17.4 83 19.3  
 Primary School 116 57.7 143 62.2 259 60.1 0.533
 Secondary+ 42 20.9 47 20.4 89 20.6  
Mother’s religion
 Christian 174 85.7 213 88 387 87  
 Muslim/Other 29 14.3 29 12 58 13 0.472
Mother’s occupation
 Business/ self-employment 29 14.4 30 13 59 13.7  
 Informal employment 24 11.9 21 9.1 45 10.4 0.648
 Formal employment 11 5.5 17 7.4 28 6.5  
 Unemployed 137 68.2 162 70.4 299 69.4  
Mother’s ethnicity
 Kikuyu 42 20.7 45 18.6 87 19.6  
 Luhya 35 17.2 39 16.1 74 16.6  
 Luo 20 9.9 32 13.2 52 11.7 0.677
 Kamba 23 11.3 36 14.9 59 13.3  
 Other groups 28 13.8 34 14 62 13.9  
 Missing 55 27.1 56 23.1 111 24.9  
Mother’s parity
 Null 59 29.1 91 37.6 150 33.7  
 One 77 37.9 66 27.3 143 32.1 0.04
 Two+ 67 33 85 35.1 152 34.2  
Household wealth status
 Lowest 53 26.1 56 23.1 109 24.5  
 Middle 47 23.2 50 20.7 97 21.8 0.079
 Highest 38 18.7 71 29.3 109 24.5  
 Missing 65 32 65 26.9 130 29.2  
Household food security status
 Food secure 35 21.9 38 21.1 73 21.5  
 Moderate Food Insecure 58 36.3 86 47.8 144 42.4 0.067
 Severely Food insecure 67 41.9 56 31.1 123 36.2  
Mother knowledgeable on EBF at baselinea
 No 64 32.7 78 34.7 142 33.7 0.663
 Yes 132 67.3 147 65.3 279 66.3  
  1. aKnowledge that food/drinks other than breast milk should be introduced at six months