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Table 2 Baseline distribution of the study participants by demographic and socioeconomic variables between intervention and control arms, MIYCN Study, Nairobi Slums

From: Effectiveness of home-based nutritional counselling and support on exclusive breastfeeding in urban poor settings in Nairobi: a cluster randomized controlled trial

  Control Intervention Total  
  n % n % n % p-valuea
Mother’s age in years
 14–20 158 27.5 159 30.5 317 29.0  
 21–24 177 30.8 164 31.5 341 31.1  
 25–29 137 23.9 133 25.5 270 24.7 0.206
 30–45 102 17.8 65 12.5 167 15.3  
Mother’s marital status?
 Married 504 87.8 444 85.5 948 86.7 0.546
 Not Married 70 12.2 75 14.5 145 13.3  
Mother’s highest education level
 Less than Primary 112 19.7 85 16.8 197 18.4  
 Primary School 327 57.6 284 56.2 611 56.9 0.609
 Secondary School 129 22.7 136 26.9 265 24.7  
Mother’s religion?
 Christian 525 90.4 480 90.7 1005 90.5 0.944
 Muslim/Other 56 9.6 49 9.3 105 9.5  
Mother’s Occupation
 Business/self-employment 65 11.5 66 13.1 131 12.2  
 Informal employment 60 10.6 31 6.1 91 8.5  
 Formal employment 24 4.2 55 10.9 79 7.4 0.128
 Unemployed 418 73.7 353 69.9 771 71.9  
Mother’s ethnicity
 Kikuyu 119 20.5 132 25 251 22.6  
 Luhya 92 15.8 73 13.8 165 14.9  
 Luo 66 11.4 81 15.3 147 13.2  
 Kamba 96 16.5 80 15.1 176 15.9  
 Missing 126 21.7 92 17.4 218 19.6 0.831
 Other 82 14.1 71 13.4 153 13.8  
Mother’s parity
 Null 212 36.5 223 42.2 435 39.2  
 One 178 30.6 165 31.2 343 30.9 0.196
 Two+ 191 32.9 141 26.7 332 29.9  
Household wealth status
 Lower 147 25.3 122 23.1 269 24.2  
 Middle 139 23.9 141 26.7 280 25.2  
 Upper 125 21.5 143 27 268 24.1 0.691
 Missing 170 29.3 123 23.3 293 26.4  
Household food security status
 Food Secure 153 29.7 129 27.2 282 28.5  
 Moderately Food Insecure 186 36.2 216 45.6 402 40.7 0.467
 Severely Food Insecure 177 34.1 129 27.2 306 30.8  
Mother Knowledgeable on EBF (at baseline)b
 No 217 37.41 201 38.29 418 37.83 0.861
 Yes 363 62.59 324 61.71 687 62.17  
Place of deliveryc
 HF delivery 534 95.87 481 94.31 1015 95.13 0.262
 Outside HF delivery 23 4.13 29 5.69 52 4.87  
  1. a P-values are based on Chi-square that accounts for clustering
  2. bKnowledge that food other than breast milk should be introduced at six months
  3. cPlace of delivery not collected at baseline but during the follow-up