|Author||Country of study||Study Aim||Study Design||Population (Mentor/Mentee)||Intervention||Program duration||Frequency of contact||Outcome Measures||Key Findings|
|Anatole et al. (2013) ||Rwanda||Interim evaluation of a nursing mentorship program||Observational checklists completed by mentors, retrospective review of patient records||Rwandan Nurses/Rwandan Nurses||
Mentoring and Enhanced Supervision at Health Centres (MESH), ‘Side by side’ mentorship.|
Mentors received extra training and were integrated into the hospital team
|Ongoing||2–3 days/month||Number & accuracy of Integrated Management of Childhood Illness patient assessments||
‘Side by side’ mentorship improved the quality of care outcomes, and is feasible and cost effective.|
Scale up was recommended.
Significant increase in complete and accurate patient assessments.
|Beckett et al. (2015) ||Afghanistan||
To evaluate a mentorship intervention by exploring mentee experience.|
To improve pre-deployment training of mentors
|Cross-sectional survey of mentees||Canadian military physicians & surgeons/Afghan physicians, nurses and health personnel||‘Team to team’ using CANMEDS mentoring techniques||12 months||Not reported||Mentees perceptions of training, feedback, communication & availability of mentors||Most mentees found mentorship a positive experience. Mentees criticised mentors for failing to consider features of a low-resource setting.|
|Finley et al. (2008) ||Jordan||To describe a capacity building program incorporating mentorship to develop, implement and evaluate a paediatric pain management program.||Interviews, focus groups, field observation, retrospective review of patient records||Canadian Clinical Nurse Specialists & Anaesthetist/Jordanian Nurses and Oncologists||
‘Team to team mentorship’|
Implementing a paediatric pain management service involving mentorship
|24 months||3 visits through-out the program||Documented pain assessments, Administration of opioid analgesia;||
Increased analgesia administration following the program.|
Mentorship was considered an important factor in the effectiveness of an intervention involving a High-Income Country – Low Income Country partnership.
|Magge et al. (2015) ||Rwanda||To measure the change in the quality of care following the addition of a mentorship intervention to didactic training||Pre-post intervention study||MOH Nurse/Health Centre Nurses||‘Side by side’ model including clinical coaching through case observation, case based and didactic teaching, feedback of performance data and QI facilitation.||Ongoing||‘regular visits’||
Adherence to Integrated Management of Childhood Illness (IMCI) Assessment Index|
Number of children seen
|Significant improvement in IMCI assessment, classification and treatment, improvement in percentage of children given correct treatment, improved IMCI coverage (proportion of children seen).|
|Workneh et al. (2012) ||Botswana||To examine the quality of care pre and post introduction of mentoring program||Retrospective patient chart review||Botswana experienced medical officers & nurses/Botswana medical officers & nurses||‘Side by side’ mentoring during patient care||Ongoing||1/month||Completion of documentation (viral load count, patient education), pill counts (indicates patients taking medications as prescribed), antiretroviral dosing, lab monitoring.||Improvement in the quality of care post-intervention. Specifically, significant increase in recording of viral load count, correct pill count, correct antiretroviral dosing, patient education documented, correct lab monitoring.|