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Table 4 Refugees, asylum-seekers and undocumented migrants and parenthood experiences: Descriptive Summary of Literature

From: Refugees, asylum-seekers and undocumented migrants and the experience of parenthood: a synthesis of the qualitative literature

Descriptor Studies N = 138, %(n)
Year of publication
 Jan 2006- Dec 2010 31.9% (44)
 Jan 2011- Feb 2017 68.1% (94)
Disciplinea
 Health Sciences 17.4% (24)
 Social Sciences 82.6% (114)
Location of study
 United States 54.3% (75)
 Europeb 14.5% (20)
 Australia 13.8% (19)
 Canada 12.3% (17)
 New Zealand 0.7% (1)
 Israel 2.2% (3)
 Low- or middle-income country (LMIC)c 2.2% (3)
Migration Source Regiond
 North Africa and/or Middle East 13.8% (19)
 Sub-Saharan Africa 39.9% (55)
 Caribbean 3.6% (5)
 Latin America 44.9% (62)
 Eastern Europe or Russia 8.7% (12)
 South Asia 8.0% (11)
 South East Asia 15.2% (21)
 East Asia 0.7% (1)
 Unspecified Asia 1.4% (2)
Migrant groupd
 Refugee 54.3% (75)
 Asylum-seeker 7.2% (10)
 Undocumented 44.9% (62)
Parents
 Mothers 50.7% (70)
 Fathers 6.5% (9)
 Mothers and fathers 37.7% (52)
 Mothers and extended family 2.2% (3)
 Mothers, fathers and extended family 2.9% (4)
Child Age Groupd
 Pregnancy 8.0% (11)
 Infant and/or toddler 18.1% (25)
 Pre-school 15.9% (22)
 Primary School 29.0% (40)
 Adolescent and/or Youth 30.4% (42)
 “Childhood” 11.6% (16)
 Adult Child 5.1% (7)
 Unspecified ages 23.9% (33)
  1. aFields most represented were education (n = 27), social work (n = 26), psychology (n = 23), nursing (n = 10) and sociology (n = 9)
  2. bIncludes Belgium, Denmark, Finland, Northern Ireland, Italy, Netherlands, Norway, Sweden and the United Kingdom
  3. cLMICs include: Morocco, South Africa, and the Dominican Republic
  4. dA study may be counted in more than one category so percentages do not add to 100%