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Table 1 Characteristics of in-depth interview respondents

From: Learning from returnee Ethiopian migrant domestic workers: a qualitative assessment to reduce the risk of human trafficking

  Current age Years of education Religion Marital status Destination(s) & duration Migration process Current occupation/ Plans
1 24 7 Christian Divorced Qatar (18 months) • Parents sold cattle to raise money for journey • Used Addis Ababa based broker Unspecified
2 23 6 Muslim Married Dubai (30 months) • Dropped out of school to work in Addis Ababa first • Borrowed money from relative • Used Addis Ababa based broker who sent her friend Working in her own shop but planning to re-migrate as business not going well.
3 28 Illiterate Muslim Single Saudi Arabia (22 months) • Worked as maid in Addis Ababa • Heard about overseas work opportunities on TV Working in her own shop and hopes business will succeed.
4 24 5 Muslim Single Dubai (29 months) • Used local broker Planning to re-migrate to Saudi Arabia as her mother spent all her earnings
5 25 9 Muslim Married Dubai (26 months) Saudi Arabia (Time not provided) • Dropped out of school • Found broker in Addis Ababa through uncle • Used agency in Addis Ababa for second migration Unspecified
6 29 8 Christian Divorced Saudi Arabia (36 months) • Worked as maid in Addis Ababa • Used agency in Addis Ababa • Had to wait 7 months for visa Unspecified
7 22 10 Muslim Single Dubai (Time not provided) Saudi Arabia (24 months) • Used illegal Addis Ababa broker for first migration • Used legal agency for second migration Plans to re-migrate as soon as possible
8 24 8 Muslim Married Saudi Arabia (24 months) • Worked at relatives’ home in Addis Ababa • Used agency in Addis Ababa Unspecified
9 22 10 Muslim Married Saudi Arabia (27 months) • Used local broker Owns a shop with her husband
10 20 6 Muslim Divorced Dubai (24 months) Qatar (3 months) • Borrowed money from relatives for first migration • Used legal agency for first migration with contract • Used illegal local broker for second migration as ban was in place by then; he “sold” her to employers and took all the earnings Unemployed and “bored”; has sent passport to a broker to try re-migration to Dubai
11 35 4 Christian Divorced Dubai (Time not provided) Saudi Arabia (Time not provided) • Used local broker for first migration • Second time to Saudi Arabia, from description appears to be illegal although she did not specify Engaged in farming
12 20 8 Muslim Single Dubai (24 months) • Father made all the arrangements Plans to re-migrate