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Table 1 Characteristics of in-depth interview respondents

From: Learning from returnee Ethiopian migrant domestic workers: a qualitative assessment to reduce the risk of human trafficking

  Current age Years of education Religion Marital status Destination(s) & duration Migration process Current occupation/ Plans
1 24 7 Christian Divorced Qatar (18 months) • Parents sold cattle to raise money for journey
• Used Addis Ababa based broker
Unspecified
2 23 6 Muslim Married Dubai (30 months) • Dropped out of school to work in Addis Ababa first
• Borrowed money from relative
• Used Addis Ababa based broker who sent her friend
Working in her own shop but planning to re-migrate as business not going well.
3 28 Illiterate Muslim Single Saudi Arabia (22 months) • Worked as maid in Addis Ababa
• Heard about overseas work opportunities on TV
Working in her own shop and hopes business will succeed.
4 24 5 Muslim Single Dubai (29 months) • Used local broker Planning to re-migrate to Saudi Arabia as her mother spent all her earnings
5 25 9 Muslim Married Dubai (26 months)
Saudi Arabia (Time not provided)
• Dropped out of school
• Found broker in Addis Ababa through uncle
• Used agency in Addis Ababa for second migration
Unspecified
6 29 8 Christian Divorced Saudi Arabia
(36 months)
• Worked as maid in Addis Ababa
• Used agency in Addis Ababa
• Had to wait 7 months for visa
Unspecified
7 22 10 Muslim Single Dubai (Time not provided)
Saudi Arabia (24 months)
• Used illegal Addis Ababa broker for first migration
• Used legal agency for second migration
Plans to re-migrate as soon as possible
8 24 8 Muslim Married Saudi Arabia (24 months) • Worked at relatives’ home in Addis Ababa
• Used agency in Addis Ababa
Unspecified
9 22 10 Muslim Married Saudi Arabia (27 months) • Used local broker Owns a shop with her husband
10 20 6 Muslim Divorced Dubai (24 months)
Qatar (3 months)
• Borrowed money from relatives for first migration
• Used legal agency for first migration with contract
• Used illegal local broker for second migration as ban was in place by then; he “sold” her to employers and took all the earnings
Unemployed and “bored”; has sent passport to a broker to try re-migration to Dubai
11 35 4 Christian Divorced Dubai (Time not provided)
Saudi Arabia (Time not provided)
• Used local broker for first migration
• Second time to Saudi Arabia, from description appears to be illegal although she did not specify
Engaged in farming
12 20 8 Muslim Single Dubai (24 months) • Father made all the arrangements Plans to re-migrate