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Table 1 International comparison of R&D expenditure

From: Obstacles and opportunities in Chinese pharmaceutical innovation

By types of Research % China USA Japan France Australia South Korea Russian
(2011) (2009) (2009) (2009) (2008) (2010) (2010)
Basic Research 4.7 19.0 12.5 26.0 20.0 18.2 19.6
Applied Research 11.8 17.8 22.3 39.8 38.6 19.9 18.8
Experimental Development 83.5 63.2 60.5 34.2 41.4 61.8 61.6
  1. Data source: China Statistical Yearbook on Science and Technology