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Table 1 Basic characteristics and condition of Long Stay

From: Cross-border movement of older patients: a descriptive study on health service use of Japanese retirees in Thailand

  Bangkok (n = 56) Chiang Mai (n = 144) Other (n = 37) Total (n = 237)
n % n % n % n %
Sex
 Male 45 80.4 110 76.4 33 89.2 188 79.3
 Female 11 19.6 34 23.6 4 10.8 49 20.7
Age
 Mean (SD) 69.1 (5.6) 68.3 (5.7) 70.3 (4.8) 68.8 (5.6)
Visa type:
 Retirement 47 83.9 121 84.0 29 78.4 197 83.1
 Other 7 12.5 20 13.9 6 16.2 33 13.9
Marital status
 Single, divorced or bereaved 20 35.7 32 22.2 5 13.5 57 24.1
 Married to non-Thai 31 55.4 71 49.3 15 40.5 117 49.4
 Married to Thai 5 8.9 39 27.1 17 45.9 61 25.7
Living status
 Alone 26 46.4 41 28.5 7 18.9 74 31.2
 With partner only 21 37.5 68 47.2 18 48.6 107 45.1
 Other 7 12.5 30 20.8 12 32.4 49 20.7
Lived in Thailand for >1 year before Long Stay status
 Yes 19 33.9 20 13.9 7 18.9 46 19.4
 No 35 62.5 122 84.7 30 81.1 187 78.9
Monthly household income (USD)
 Mean (SD) 2844 (1306) 2508 (1384) 1838 (873) 2478 (1329)
Monthly household living expenditure (USD)
 Mean (SD) 1898 (779) 1548 (643) 1314 (612) 1590 (695)
Years of Long-stay in Thailand
 Mean (SD) 6.4 (5.2) 5.9 (4.2) 8.3 (5.4) 6.4 (4.7)
Days of stay in Thailand in the previous 12 months
 Median (Q1-Q3) 300 (200–335) 320 (270–350) 330 (300–360) 300 (270–350)
Number of trips to Japan in the previous 12 months
 0 4 7.1 33 22.9 11 29.7 48 20.3
 1 13 23.2 49 34.0 14 37.8 76 32.1
  ≥ 2 37 66.1 59 41.0 10 27.0 106 44.7
Keeping a home in Japan
 Yes 45 80.4 108 75.0 19 51.4 172 72.6
 No 10 17.9 36 25.0 18 48.6 64 27.0
Residential registration in Japan
 Registered 32 57.1 64 44.4 11 29.7 107 45.1
 Removed 23 41.1 78 54.2 26 70.3 127 53.6