|Partner type||Contributions||Potential Limitations|
|Public Sector Institutions||
• Guarantor of health as a right for all citizens.|
• Able to scale- up and sustain promising programs.
• Develop mental health policy.
• May avoid taking risks with new models needed to innovate in healthcare delivery.|
• May lack capital investment needed for high quality services.
|Non-Governmental Healthcare Delivery Organizations||
• Invest in innovative projects and take risks with new models.|
• Clinical and community-based infrastructure allows for integration of mental health into general healthcare services.
• May lack specialized knowledge in vertical programs like mental healthcare.|
• May harbor stigma against mental health.
|Mental Health Organizations||
• Specialized focus on cross-cultural adaptation of psychiatric concepts, research scales, and protocols.|
• Training of health workers.
• Advocacy for mental healthcare services.
• May lack local contextual and cultural perspectives of the specific intervention site.|
• May not have a robust general healthcare delivery infrastructure.
|Healthcare Service Users||
• Provide feedback and guidance for mental healthcare services.|
• Advocate for quality services and human rights protections.
• Provide local accountability in settings of poor regulatory oversight of services.
• May have limited engagement due to societal stigma.|
• May not have access to specialized, clinical knowledge.
• May lack agency to challenge such established institutions.
• Provide contextual and culturally-relevant framework for interventions.|
• Develop clinical protocols in the local language that synthesize evidence and local cultural considerations.
|• May not have local presence to provide ongoing training and supervision.|
|Academic Medical Centers||
• Research infrastructure for implementation science, impact evaluation, and structured curriculum development.|
• Training and mentorship.
• Support for principal investigators.
• Cross-disciplinary collaborations.
• Contextual expertise in healthcare delivery.
• May not have healthcare delivery systems to test interventions in community settings.|
• May not have local expertise in community settings.