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Table 1 Health Systems characteristics of five Latin American countries

From: Breast cancer policy in Latin America: account of achievements and challenges in five countries

Country Total Population (thousands) Health coverage(a) Health systems type(a) National health expenditure as a % of GDP Physicians per 10,000 pop.
Public Social security Private Public Private
Argentina 41,119 30.2 % 60.8 % 9 % Fragmented 6.2 3.2 Not available
Brasil 198,361 75 % 0 % 25 % Unified 3.1 4.1 15.1
Colombia 47,551 Contributory regime: 39.7 % Without insurance 4.3 % Segmented and articulated 3.5 1.5 16.5
Subsidized regime: 51.4 %
Special regimes: 4.6 %
Mexico 116,147 36.6 %(b) 36.8 %(b) 0.44 %(b) and without insurance
25.43 %
Segmented, not articulated 3.0 3.1 22
Venezuela (Boliviarian Republic of) 29,891 Not available 17.5 %(c) 11.7 %(c) without insurance
68 %
Segmented, not articulated Not available 2.4 Not available
  1. Source: Panamerican Health Organization (PAHO). Health situation in the Americas. Basic Indicators 2012. Available on: http://ais.paho.org/chi/brochures/2012/BI_2012_ENG.pdf
  2. aPan American Health Organization. Health in the Americas: 2012 Edition. Regional Outlook and Country Profiles. Washington, DC: PAHO, 2012
  3. bGutiérrez JP, Hernández-Ávila M. Health protection coverage in Mexico and profile of unprotected population, 2000–2012. Salud Publica Mex 2013:55 suppl 2:S83–S90
  4. cBonvecchio A, Becerril-Montekio V, Carriedo-Lutzenkirchen A, Landaeta-Jiménez M. The health system of Venezuela. Salud Publica Mex 2011;53 suppl 2:S275–S286