Skip to main content

Advertisement

Table 3 Phone Ownership: Results of Multivariate Analysis (N = 559)

From: A study of mobile phone use among patients with noncommunicable diseases in La Paz, Bolivia: implications for mHealth research and development

  Owns Mobile Phone Owns Smartphone*
  OR (95 % CI) p-value OR (95 % CI) p-value
Demographics     
Age   0.02   0.03
 18–29 Ref   Ref  
 30–49 0.57 (0.12, 2.72)   0.64 (0.30, 1.37)  
 50–64 0.60 (0.12, 2.85)   0.30 (0.13, 0.72)  
 65+ 0.24 (0.05, 1.18)   0.31 (0.11, 0.90)  
Gender   0.01   0.40
 Male Ref   Ref  
 Female 0.41 (0.22, 0.77)   1.29 (0.71, 2.34)  
Indigenous language used at home   0.64   0.64
 Yes 0.87 (0.50, 1.54)   0.85 (0.42, 1.70)  
 No Ref   Ref  
Health Literacya   <0.01   0.04
 Low 0.36 (0.20, 0.64)   0.40 (0.17, 0.94)  
 High Ref   Ref  
Education in years   0.28   <0.01
 ≤6 Ref   Ref  
 7–12 1.18 (0.64, 2.17)   1.00 (0.43, 2.35)  
 >12 2.10 (0.85, 5.21)   2.90 (1.25, 6.71)  
Health Status     
Self-Reported Health   0.63   0.09
 G./V.G./Exc.b Ref   Ref  
 Poor or fair 1.15 (0.65, 2.05)   0.62 (0.35, 1.09)  
Number of Self-Reported Chronic Conditions   0.21   0.61
 0 Ref   Ref  
 1 0.47 (0.19, 1.17)   1.28 (0.64, 2.54)  
 ≥2 0.46 (0.19, 1.12)   1.47 (0.68, 3.19)  
Depressedc   0.71   0.10
 Yes 1.11 (0.64, 1.93)   1.60 (0.92, 2.80)  
 No Ref   Ref  
Health Care Access     
Cost-related access barrierd   0.84   0.10
 Yes 0.94 (0.55, 1.63)   0.61 (0.34, 1.10)  
 No Ref   Ref  
Travel time to clinic in minutes   0.57   0.29
 0–29 Ref   Ref  
 30–59 1.41 (0.74, 2.66)   0.75 (0.40, 1.39)  
 ≥60 1.14 (0.58, 2.21)   0.56 (0.26, 1.19)  
  1. *Reference group included those that did not have a smart phone or had no mobile phone at all. aDefined as not being able to read, frequently or always needing someone to help read papers from health center, frequently or always having problems understanding written medical instructions; bGood/Very Good/Excellent; cAs measured by a score of 3 or more on the PHQ-2 questionnaire; d“In the past year, did cost keep you from going to a clinic or hospital?”