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Table 2 Studies of the prevalence of diabetes in Brazil 1

From: Epidemiology, management, complications and costs associated with type 2 diabetes in Brazil: a comprehensive literature review

First author (year) Site Year of study Sample size Age group Diabetes prevalence Criteria
Goldenberg (1996) [25] São Paulo, SP 1986-1988 2,007 30-69 years 4.7% Self-report
Malarbi (1992) [49] Nine Brazilian 1988 21,847 30-69 years 7.6% OGTT2 and self-report
state capitals
Torquato (2003) [30] Ribeirão Preto, SP 1996-1997 1,473 30-69 years 12.1% OGTT and self-report
Passos (2005) [27] Bambuí, MG 1997 816 adults and 1,494 elderly Adults (18-59 years); elderly (60+ years). Elderly 14.6% FPG3 and self-report
Adults 2.3%
Dias da Costa (2006) [24] Pelotas, RS 2000 1,968 20-69 years 5.6%. Self-report
Souza (2003) [29] Campos dos Goytacazes, RJ 2001 1,039 >18 years 6.0% FPG
(age-adjusted prevalence)
Mendes (2011) [26] São Paulo, SP 2003 872 60+ years 17.9% Self-report
Schmidt (2009) [28] 27 Brazilian 2006 54,369 aged ≥18 years 5.3% Self-report
state capitals
Bosi (2009) [23] São Carlos, SP 2007-2008 1,116 30-79 years 5% and 13.5% OGTT and fasting capillary glycaemia
(age-adjusted prevalence)
  1. 1Data from publications of the Ministry of Health and other institutions were not included in the table.
  2. 2OGTT: oral glucose tolerance test (old diagnostic criteria for fasting glucose).
  3. 3FPG: fasting plasma glucose.