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Table 2 Univariate analysis of potential risk factors for multimorbidity among study participants

From: Multimorbidity of chronic diseases among adult patients presenting to an inner-city clinic in Ghana

Risk factors Crude OR (95% C.I.) LR p-value
Age (years)   
18-39 1  
40-49 4.95 (3.16–7.75)  
50-59 12.83 (8.47–19.44) < 0.001
60 and above 15.82 (10.69–23.41)  
Sex   
Female 1  
Male 0.71 (0.56–0.90) 0.005
Marital status   
Never married 1  
Married/living together 5.50 (3.62–8.35) < 0.001
Divorced/separated/widowed 8.36 (5.36–13.04)
Education   
No education 1  
Primary 0.75 (0.51–1.10)  
Middle/junior high 0.67 (0.57–0.89) 0.004
Secondary+ 0.52 (0.39–0.71)  
Occupation   
Unskilled 1  
Skilled 0.76 (0.60–0.95) 0.017
Family history of chronic conditions   
No family history 1  
Family history 1.43 (1.16–1.78) 0.001
Ethnicity   
Akan 1  
Ga/Dangme 1.05 (0.80–1.39)  
Ewe 0.86 (0.65–1.13)  
Guan 0.83 (0.32–2.14) 0.008
Mole- Dagbani 0.49 (0.28–0.88)  
Other 0.50 (0.31–0.82)