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Table 1 Distribution of study participants and prevalence of multimorbidity according to participants’ socio-demographic characteristics

From: Multimorbidity of chronic diseases among adult patients presenting to an inner-city clinic in Ghana

Characteristics Participants (N = 1399) Frequency of multimorbidityξ
(N = 543)
  N % n Prevalence (95% C.I.)
Age (years)     
18-29 203 14.5 6 3.0 (0.1–5.3)
30-39 211 15.1 29 13.7 (9.1–18.4)
40-49 220 15.7 69 31.4 (25.2–37.5)
50-59 295 21.1 160 54.2 (48.5–60.0)
60 and above 470 33.6 279 59.4 (54.9–63.8)
Sex     
Female 972 69.5 401 41.3 (38.2–44.4)
Male 427 30.5 142 33.3 (28.8–37.7)
Ethnicity     
Akan 504 36.0 208 41.3 (37.0–45.6)
Ga/Dangme 350 25.0 149 42.6 (37.4–47.8)
Ewe 364 26.0 137 37.6 (32.6–42.6)
Guan 19 1.4 7 36.8 (13.0–60.7)
Mole-Dagbani 66 4.7 17 25.8 (14.9–36.6)
Other 96 6.9 25 26.0 (17.1–35.0)
Marital status     
Never married 246 17.6 28 11.4 (7.4–15.4)
Married/living together 790 56.5 327 41.4 (38.0–44.3)
Divorced/separated/ widowed 363 26.0 188 51.8 (46.6–57.0)
Education     
No education 319 22.8 152 47.6 (42.1–53.2)
Primary 160 11.4 65 40.6 (32.9–48.3)
Middle/junior high 509 36.4 193 37.9 (33.7–42.1)
Secondary+ 411 29.4 133 32.4 (27.8–36.9)
Occupation     
Skilled 502 35.9 196 34.7 (30.5–38.8)
Unskilled 897 64.1 347 41.1 (37.9–44.4)
Total 1399   543 38.8 (36.3–41.4)
  1. ξMultimorbidity was defined as the presence of at least two of the 13 preselected conditions.