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Table 2 Univariate and multivariate regression analysis of systolic and diastolic blood pressure by study characteristics

From: Rural and urban differences in blood pressure and pregnancy-induced hypertension among pregnant women in Ghana

Systolic blood pressure Univariate Multivariate
  Beta SE Beta SE
Urban 2,899** 0.806 0.096 0.961
Age (linear) 0.075 0.070 - -
BMI (linear) 0.551** 0.084 0.445** 0.088
Parity (linear) -0.402* 0.181 -0.260 0.185
Heart rate (linear) 0.109** 0.032 0.091** 0.032
Family history of hypertension, yes 3.758** 1.155 2.524* 1.162
Junior secondary school/Middle school§ 0.961 0.860 0.170 0.871
Senior secondary school or higher§ 3.740** 0.933 1.508 1.033
Seamstress/hairdresser/trader§╪ 2.101 0.771 1.036 0.788
Teacher/nurse/accounts/administrative/clerical/secretarial╪ 6.257** 1.448 2.243 1.677
Diastolic blood pressure Univariate Multivariate
  Beta SE Beta SE
Urban 4.857** 0.583 2.933** 0.670
Age (linear) 0.122* 0.051 0.060 0.049
BMI (linear) 0.491** 0.062 0.341** 0.067
Parity (linear) -0.281* 0.135 -0.018 0.152
Heart rate (linear) 0.185** 0.023 0.167** 0.023
Family history of hypertension, yes 4.443** 0.852 2.220** 0.841
Junior secondary school/Middle school§ 1.423* 0.634 -0.156 0.660
Senior secondary school or higher§ 4.164** 0.688 1.234 0.762
Seamstress/hairdresser/trader╪ 1.156 0.554 0.063 0.599
Teacher/nurse/accounts/administrative/clerical/secretarial╪ 6.836** 1.067 1.355 1.196
  1. §Reference category is no education or primary school; ╪ Reference category is Domestic worker/farmer/labourer.
  2. *=p<0.05 **=p<0.01.