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Table 5 Mean scores of post-taste rating of the food by gender and region (Out of 10 points)

From: Consumption and acceptability of whole grain staples for lowering markers of diabetes risk among overweight and obese Tanzanian adults

  Overall rating (Mean±SD) P - value
Rating parameter Brown rice Unrefined maize ugali Unrefined sorghum ugali  
Smell 7 ± 3 8 ± 3 7 ± 2 0.63
Taste 7 ± 2 8 ± 2 8 ± 3 <0.01
Appearance 7 ± 2 7 ± 3 6 ± 3 0.21
Color 7 ± 3 7 ± 2 6 ± 3 0.21
Texture 8 ± 2 8 ± 3 9 ± 2 0.06
Shine 6 ± 2 7 ± 3 6 ± 3 0.50
Hardness 7 ± 2 8 ± 3 8 ± 2 0.06
Configuration 7 ± 2 8 ± 2 7 ± 2 0.10
Rating by gender (Mean±SD)
Rating parameter Men (N = 18) p - value Women (N = 26) p - value
  Brown rice Unrefined maize ugali Unrefined sorghum ugali   Brown rice Unrefined maize ugali Unrefined sorghum ugali  
Smell 7 ± 3 7 ± 3 6 ± 2 0.26 7 ± 2 8 ± 2 8 ± 2 0.33
Taste 6 ± 3 8 ± 2 7 ± 3 0.14 7 ± 2 8 ± 2 8 ± 3 <0.01
Appearance 7 ± 2 7 ± 3 6 ± 3 0.12 7 ± 2 7 ± 2 7 ± 3 0.80
Color 6 ± 3 7 ± 3 6 ± 3 0.46 7 ± 2 7 ± 2 6 ± 2 0.45
Texture 7 ± 3 8 ± 2 8 ± 2 0.51 8 ± 2 9 ± 3 9 ± 2 0.06
Hardness 7 ± 2 7 ± 3 8 ± 3 0.62 8 ± 2 8 ± 3 9 ± 2 0.06
Shine 6 ± 2 7 ± 3 6 ± 3 0.17 7 ± 2 7 ± 2 7 ± 3 1.00
Configuration 7 ± 2 7 ± 2 7 ± 2 0.79 7 ± 2 8 ± 2 7 ± 2 0.08
Rating by region (Mean±SD)
Rating parameter Dar es Salaam (N = 23) p - value Morogoro (N = 21) p - value
  Brown rice Unrefined maize ugali Unrefined sorghum ugali   Brown rice Unrefined maize ugali Unrefined sorghum ugali  
Smell 8 ± 2 8 ± 3 7 ± 2 0.19 6 ± 2 7 ± 3 7 ± 2 0.04
Taste 7 ± 3 9 ± 2 7 ± 3 0.02 7 ± 2 8 ± 2 8 ± 2 0.14
Appearance 7 ± 2 8 ± 3 6 ± 3 0.05 6 ± 2 7 ± 2 7 ± 2 0.48
Color 6 ± 3 8 ± 2 7 ± 3 0.25 7 ± 2 7 ± 2 6 ± 2 0.26
Texture 7 ± 3 9 ± 3 9 ± 2 0.01 8 ± 2 8 ± 3 8 ± 2 0.92
Hardness 7 ± 2 8 ± 3 9 ± 2 0.08 6 ± 2 7 ± 3 8 ± 2 0.50
Shine 7 ± 3 7 ± 3 7 ± 3 0.48 6 ± 2 6 ± 2 6 ± 2 0.60
Configuration 7 ± 3 8 ± 3 7 ± 3 0.69 7 ± 2 8 ± 2 8 ± 2 0.04