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Table 1 Summary of Fidler’s health and foreign policy conceptualizations[20]

From: Understanding how and why health is integrated into foreign policy - a case study of health is global, a UK Government Strategy 20082013

Conceptualization Description
Revolution •Health’s increasing role in foreign policy is transformative of the health-foreign policy nexus
Health collapses the traditional distinction between high and low politics and creates a new political space in which health is    an overriding normative value and the ultimate goal of foreign policy
Health is broadly conceived and encompasses the social determinants of health
Is consistent with health discourses that focus on health as a human right and the “health for all” ideal
Remediation • Health’s rise as foreign policy issue reflects the continued persistence of the traditional hierarchy of foreign policy functions
Health has become another issue that needs to be addressed through traditional approaches to foreign policy, or as a    strategic vehicle through which traditional foreign policy goals can be achieved
Foreign policy attention on health is focused when disease crises appear and fades when crises drop off the political spotlight
Provides the strongest explanation for why health has risen as a foreign policy issue
Regression •Health’s integration into foreign policy is a regressive development – an indicator that health problems are getting worse
The increasing attention paid to health across the functions of foreign policy signifies the failure of public health efforts
Connecting health with the high politics of foreign policy threatens to tarnish long-standing associations of health with    normative values
Public health’s wish for health to become more politically prominent may have come true but in a way that threatens what    was special about health in the first place