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Table 4 Lack of HIV-related health care access according to key characteristics of PLHA participants, Peru, 2008 (N = 863)

From: Determinants of unequal HIV care access among people living with HIV in Peru

Characteristics and categories Crude estimate Adjusted estimate (RDS-II) P value
Biological sex Male 22 (4.1%) 5.2 0.30
Female 8 (2.7%) 2.9
Sexual/Gender Identity Homosexual/Gay 5 (2.3%) 2.7 <0.05
Transgender 6 (20.7%) 27.3
Bisexual 3 (3.1%) 2.7
Heterosexual 17 (3.2%) 3.8
Age Range 35 years old or younger 24 (5.2%) 6.2 <0.05
Older than 35 years old 7 (1.7%) 1.7
Geographic area Coast (Lima-Callao and Chiclayo) 20 (3.2%) 3.0 0.27
Andes (Arequipa) 7 (5.2%) 4.7
Amazonia (Iquitos) 4 (3.5%) 0.9
Educational attainment None/Some Elementary School 0 (0.0%) 0 0.33
Completed elementary school 11 (4.9%) 7.1
Completed High School 10 (3.4%) 3.2
Some higher education 10 (3.4%) 3.6
Marital status Single 21 (4.3%) 4.5 0.57
Married 2 (2.7%) 8.3
Domestic partner 5 (2.8%) 3.6
Divorced/Separated 2 (3.1%) 1.5
Widowed 1 (1.8%) 1.9
Head of household Yes 12 (3.6%) 4.4 0.96
No 19 (3.6%) 4.3
Health insurance Social Security, Forces, Private 4 (2.7%) 1.9 0.80
SIS (Ministry of Health) 7 (3.2%) 5.4
No insurance 20 (4.0%) 4.6
Currently working Yes 18 (3.4%) 5.1 0.37
No 13 (3.8%) 3.3
Poverty Extreme poverty 0 (0.0%) 0 0.13
Moderate poverty 14 (7.7%) 8.0
  Not in poverty 17 (2.5%) 3.0