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Table 1 Characteristics of the home-based and community-based screening program for diabetes and hypertension

From: Screening for diabetes and hypertension in a rural low income setting in western Kenya utilizing home-based and community-based strategies

  Home-based screening Community-based screening
Number Screened 236 346
Age category (years)   
18-24, n (%) 48 (20%) 49 (14%)
25-34 88 (37%) 99 (29%)
35-44 39 (17%) 85 (25%)
45-54 28 (12%) 69 (20%)
55-64 21 (9%) 32 (9%)
65-74 6 (3%) 12 (3%)
≥75 6 (3%) 0
Female, n (%) 146 (61%) 204 (59%)
SBP, mean (SD) mmHg 125 (19.28) 134 (21.35)
<120, n(%) 111 (47%) 85 (25%)
120 – 139 83 (35%) 157 (45%)
140 – 159 29 (12%) 69 (20%)
160- 179 10 (4%) 20 (6%)
180 – 199 2 (1%) 10 (3%)
≥200 1 (1%) 5 (1%)
DBP, mean (SD) mmHg 77 (13) 78 (11.34)
<60, n (%) 8 (3%) 15 (4%)
60 – 79 134 (57%) 203 (59%)
80 – 89 58 (25%) 74 (21%)
90 – 99 26 (11%) 40 (12%)
≥100 10 (4%) 14(4%)
RBS, mean (SD) mmol/L 6.1 (2) 5.0 (1.8)
<7.0, n (%) 182 (77%) 319 (92%)
7.0 - 9.9 48 (20%) 21 (6%)
10.0 - 12.9 4 (2%) 3 (1%)
≥ 13.0 2 (1%) 3 (1%)
Follow-up for Hypertension/Diabetes   
Number of participants with elevated systolic blood pressures above 160 mmHg returning for confirmation 4 (31% of participants with an elevated reading) 11 (31% of participants with an elevated reading)
Number of participants with elevated systolic blood pressures above 160 mmHg returning for follow-up care 3 11
Number of participants with random blood sugars above 7 mmol/L returning for confirmation 12 (23% of participants with an elevated reading) 6 (22% of participants with an elevated reading)
Number of participants with elevated blood sugars confirmed to have diabetes and enrolled for follow-up care 3 2
Number of participants with both overt diabetes (RBS>9.9 mmol/L) and hypertension (SBP>160 mmHg) on initial screening 3 2
BMI, mean (SD) kg/m2   23.0 (3.8)
<16.5   3
16.5-18.4   19
18.5-24.9   244
25-29.9   61
30-34.9   15
35-40   4
  1. SD=standard deviation, SBP=systolic blood pressure, DBP=diastolic blood pressure, RBS=random blood sugar, BP= blood pressure, SBP=systolic blood pressure, BMI= body mass index, kg=kilograms, m=meters.