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Table 1 Traditional and Brazilian development concepts

From: Brazil-Africa technical cooperation in health: what’s its relevance to the post-Busan debate on ‘aid effectiveness’?

Traditional aid characteristics Brazil’s terminology
Vertical donor-to-beneficiary aid Horizontal partnership between cooperation peers
Predominantly monetary aid (grants and loans) Predominantly in-kind technical cooperation
Focus on health programmes Health cooperation projects ‘on demand’
Specialisation of health functions across countries according to comparative advantages Industrial-health complex
Capacity building Structural cooperation in health
Separation between foreign policy and development (health) goals Health diplomacy