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Table 2 Comparison of annual diabetes costs per patient in Spain

From: Costs, outcomes and challenges for diabetes care in Spain

  Mata et al. (CODE 2) Oliva et al. Ballesta et al. Lopez Bastida et al.
Publication year 2002 2004 2006 2002
Reference year 1998 2002 1999 1998
Type of study National, observational, prevalence and bottom-up approach. National, prevalence and top-down approach. Regional, observational, prevalence and bottom-up approach. Regional, prevalence and top-down approach.
Type of costs Direct health care costs Direct health care costs Direct health care costs and productivity losses (human capital) Direct health care costs and productivity losses (human capital)
Sources of resources used Primary data. Primary and secondary data. Primary data. Primary data.
Diabetes Type Type II Type I & II Type II Type I & II
Age 30-89 years 18+ years 14+ years 0-99 years
Total costs €1305 €1290-1476 €4278 €758
Direct: €2504 Direct: €470
Productivity €1774 Productivity: €288
Drug costs €554 €636 €851 €179
Hospitalization costs €417 €512 €1005 €183
% inpatient costs 59.8% 37% 39% 38%
% outpatient costs 18.5% 17% 28% 23%
% drug costs 21.7% 46% 33% 39%
  1. Source: Data taken from the cost of illness studies [2326].