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Table 3 Selected data on BRICS countries material contribution to international health

From: ‘BRICS without straw’? A systematic literature review of newly emerging economies’ influence in global health

  Brazil Russia India China South Africa
Year foreign assistance programs started [14] 1960 1955 1964 1950 1968
Foreign Aid Focus [14] Health; Education; Agriculture Health; Education; Food Security Infrastructure; Information technology; Training and Capacity building Infrastructure; Industrial development; Energy resources development Peacekeeping; Democracy promotion
Foreign ‘aid’ $US million (last year available) [22] 362 (2009) 472.3 (2010) 639.1 (2010) 2010.6 (2010) 98.4 (2010)
Health component as % of foreign ‘aid’ (last year/period available)* 16.6% (not specified at source) [23] 25% (2006–10) [8] Not available Not available** Not available***
Preferred channel for health ‘aid’ [14] Trilateral Multilateral Primarily bilateral Primarily bilateral Bilateral
  1. * Each of the BRICS countries has its own preferred lexicon to describe its international ‘aid’ (e.g. Brazil – ‘international cooperation’; Russia – ‘foreign assistance’; India – ‘demand-driven’).
  2. ** Estimated health assistance to Africa 2007–11 was $US 757 m [14], page 63.
  3. *** The Mbeki administration gave US$10 million to the Global Fund between 2003–2007 and in 2006 pledged US$20 million to the GAVI Alliance for a 20 year period [14] page 75.