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Table 3 Mean availability (%) of medicines and prices in the private sector (n = 30 pharmacies)

From: Is the Brazilian pharmaceutical policy ensuring population access to essential medicines?

City Originator brand Lowest-priced generic Lowest-priced similar
  n1 MPR2(min—max) Availability (SD)3 n MPR (min—max) Availability (SD) n MPR (min—max) Availability (SD)
Porto Alegre 23 17.06 (2.70–94.58) 57.6% (37.6%) 21 9.97 (0.93–34.36) 63.3% (28.6%) 18 15.61 (3.17–37.87) 54.4% (33.1%)
Santa Cruz do Sul 18 25.99 (2.60–87.57) 57.6% (30.1%) 11 9.88 (0.85–37.76) 68.8% (22.8%) 23 18.34 (1.88–32.49) 39.2% (32.8%)
Caxias do Sul 17 30.63 (2.70–94.68) 58.0% (23.3%) 25 11.33 (0.93–48.92) 71.2% (25.6%) 14 12.40 (1.86–37.48) 47.2% (30.4%)
São Leopoldo 15 29.40 (4.90–66.45) 48.4% (28.3%) 17 8.42 (0.85–33.93) 65.6% (26.3%) 17 8.18 (2.75–38.82) 52.0% (31.6%)
Pelotas 35 19.08 (2.70–107.47) 75.6% (26.9%) 34 9.76 (0.87–48.95) 85.6% (25.3%) 10 9.36 (2.94–22.37) 41.2% (27.5%)
Bagé 46 16.73 (1.32–162.53) 91.0% (15.7%) 39 9.55 (0.36–49.82) 88.4% (20.6%) 20 8.81 (1.26–36.45) 54.8% (33.3%)
All 49 18.66 (1.36–168.41) 64.8% (22.8%) 42 11.32 (0.84–54.94) 73.8% (18.8%) 45 8.60 (1.11–38.84) 48.1% (26.8%)
  1. 1 N = Total number of medicines included in the analysis. To calculate the MPR, we only included medicines which were available on at least four facilities.
  2. 2MPR median price ratios (= median prices / IRP) → IRP international reference prices (MSH, 2007).
  3. 3 Mean avalability % (standard deviation).
  4. Sample of six cities from the Rio Grande do Sul state, Brazil, 2008-9.