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Table 5 Affordability: Number of days' wages of worker making lowest paid government wages needed to purchase standard treatments

From: Availability, prices and affordability of the World Health Organization’s essential medicines for children in Guatemala

Disease condition and ‘standard’ treatment Day’s wages to pay for treatment
Condition Drug name, strength, dosage form Treatment schedule Lowest price medication - Private Sector Lowest price medication - PROAM sector
Respiratory Tract Infections, UTIs Amoxicillin Suspension 125 mg/5 mL Child up to 10 years: 125mg (=5ml) x 3 x 7 days = 105 ml 1.3 n/a
Respiratory Tract Infections, UTIs Amoxicillin Suspension 250 mg/5 mL Child over 10 years: 250mg (=5ml) x 3 x 7 days = 105 ml 1.3 0.2
Respiratory Tract Infections, Otitis Media Amoxicillin-Clavulanic Acid Suspension 125–31.25mg/5 ml Child 1–6 years: 125mg (=5ml) x 3 x 7 days = 105 ml 2.2 n/a
Respiratory Tract Infections, Otitis Media Amoxicillin-Clavulanic Acid Suspension 250–62.5mg/5 ml Child over 10 years: 250mg (=5ml) x 3 x 7 days = 105 ml 2.6 0.6
Seizure Disorder Carbamazepine Suspension 100mg/5ml Maintenance treatment: 5mg/kg x 18 kg* x 3 x 30 days = 8100mg or 405 mL for 1 month. 6.6 n/a
Infections due to Susceptible Organisms Ceftriaxone 500 mg vial Child under 50 kg: Maximum 1 gram daily x 7 days. 15 1.8
Infections due to Susceptible Organisms Cotrimoxazole 18 kg x 4mg/kg = 72 mg TMP x 2 x 7 days = 1008 mg. 126 ml total for 7 days. 0.8 0.1
Dehydration Oral Rehydration Solution, powder to make 500 mL Moderate Dehydration: 75mL/kg x 18 kg = 1350 0.1 n/a
Pneumonia Procaine Penicillin G 50mg/kg x 18 kg = 900mgx10 days = 9000mg 1.7 0.4
Pain/inflammation Paracetamol 24mg/ml suspension 5 year old child: 15mg/kg x 18 kg x 4 x 3 = 3240 mg (=130 mL) 0.5 0.1
Asthma Salbutamol 100 mcg/dose inhaler 1 inhaler of 200 doses 1.3 0.3
Xerophthalmia Vitamin A 50,000 units Child 1–12 years: 200,000 units x 3 doses 0.4 n/a
  1. *Weight of average 5 year old child in Guatemala = 18 kg [31, 32].