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Table 3 Examples of policies that cohere with each of the four accounts of justice 1,2

From: Global health and national borders: the ethics of foreign aid in a time of financial crisis

Policies Singer Pogge Shue Rawls
Reform of international arrangements governing medical research and development3   X X X
Sustainable domestic policies for high-income countries in relation to human resources for health4   X X  
Proportional compensation for the health effects of environmental pollution & climate change   X X X
Ensuring transparency and coherence in the effects of foreign and domestic policies on health worldwide   X X  
Reducing inequalities in health between countries through foreign and domestic policies     
Reducing agricultural trade subsidies & other protectionist practices   X X X
Regulatory measures to contain speculation in financial and commodity markets   X   
Meeting financial commitments to global development initiatives, such as 0.7% GDP X X X  
Support for the health-related MDGs X X X X
Support for the Global Fund to Fight AIDS, Tuberculosis and Malaria (GFATM) X X X X
Support for the Global Alliance for Vaccines and Immunisation (GAVI) X X X X
Support for the UN Global Strategy for Women’s and Children’s Health X X X X
  1. 1 Several of these policies were drawn from the UK “Health is global” report [19].
  2. 2 An “X” indicates that the policy would be supported. Detailed reasons are provided in the Additional file 2. Absence of an “X” means either that the answer is indeterminate (the theory is silent on these points) or negative.
  3. 3 Examples include the trade-related aspects of intellectual property rights (TRIPS) agreement, and so-called “TRIPS plus” bilateral agreements.
  4. 4 Specifically, ceasing to underfund medical training at the domestic level and to import qualified professionals from the developing world.