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Table 1 Basic demographic information about key informants (to protect KIs’ anonymity, identifying information has been removed)

From: What are the barriers to scaling up health interventions in low and middle income countries? A qualitative study of academic leaders in implementation science

Key Informant (KI) Current position Previous experience relevant to scale-up Type of intervention scaled up or studied(in current or past positions) Papers indexed in PubMed: No. of papers, and key topics of research
KI 1 Academic global health post in a HIC; university leadership post Leadership of a multilateral health agency, headquartered in Europe; has led large-scale implementation in LMICs Experience in scaling up both simple interventions (e.g. a specific drug treatment) and complex interventions (e.g. complex public health promotion) Approx. 300 papers; communicable and non-communicable disease control
KI 2 Academic global health post in a HIC; university leadership post Previous academic posts; leadership positions in two multilateral organizations, one headquartered in Europe and the other in the US; has led large-scale implementation in LMICs Experience in scaling up both simple and complex interventions Approx. 100 papers; global health financing, child health, public health, and communicable and non-communicable disease control
KI 3 Academic global health post in a HIC; leads health service scale-up projects in LMICs Has led multiple health systems improvement projects in LMICs Experience in scaling up complex, health systems interventions in LMICs Approx. 75 papers; scaling up health systems improvements in LMICs, financing of global health
KI 4 Academic public health post in a MIC in Africa; advises national government on large-scale implementation Research on scaling up in LMICs, with a focus on building research capacity and on health systems Research on scaling up simple and complex interventions Approx. 30 papers; implementation science in LMICs, global health research prioritization
KI 5 Academic health policy post in a HIC; specializes in health systems reform Research on health systems reform in both LMICs and HICs Research on scaling up complex health systems improvements Approx. 75 papers; health systems financing in HICs and LMICs, measurement of health system performance
KI 6 Academic global health post in a HIC; university leadership post Senior positions in national public health service in a HIC Research on, and experience in, scaling up complex interventions to control risk factors for non-communicable diseases Approx. 90 papers; risk factors for non-communicable diseases, environmental health interventions, global health diplomacy
KI 7 Academic post in global health in a HIC; university leadership post Academic leadership positions at national agencies in a HIC that focus on global health problems Research on scaling up infectious disease control interventions in LMICs Approx. 200 papers; infectious disease control, global health initiatives, health systems strengthening in LMICs
KI 8 Academic public health post; principal of a medical school in a LIC in Africa Led national scale-up campaigns addressing communicable diseases Research on, and experience in, scaling up simple and complex interventions to control communicable diseases Approx. 150 papers; control of communicable diseases in LMICs, global health training, health systems strengthening
KI 9 Academic public health post at a school of global health in a HIC Research on large-scale implementation, with a focus on communicable diseases; previous senior positions in regional public health service Research on scaling up simple and complex interventions to control communicable diseases Approx. 120 papers; infectious disease epidemiology and control, public health research methods
KI 10 Women’s health researcher in a MIC in Latin America Academic research posts in LIC universities; leadership of a regional research and implementation initiative Research on, and experience in, scaling up individual and bundled clinical interventions Approx. 120 papers; scaling up women’s health interventions in LMICs
KI 11 Implementation science researcher in a HIC Academic public health posts, with a focus on implementation of health interventions in a HIC Research on, and experience in, scaling up simple and complex clinical and public health interventions Approx. 50 papers; implementation science, quality improvement in health care
KI 12 Director of a scale-up program in a LIC Background in clinical medicine and global public health, dividing time between a LIC and a HIC Experience in scaling up simple and complex interventions in an LIC 3 papers; scaling up health system interventions in LICs
KI 13 Professor of epidemiology, with a focus on global public health, based at a university in a HIC Clinical trials, and public health research related to women’s and children’s health Research on scaling up simple and complex clinical and public health interventions Approx. 150 papers; scaling up women’s and children’s health interventions, global public health
KI 14 Senior leadership position at an NGO that manages large-scale implementation in LMICs Past background in business and technology; senior role in a major global initiative to rapidly scale up a communicable disease intervention Experience in scaling up simple and complex interventions in HICs and LMICs 4 papers; large scale health improvement