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Table 2 Percentage distribution of respondents by demographic and socio-economic characteristics and healthy lifestyle behaviour (2003)

From: Healthy lifestyle behaviour among Ghanaian adults in the phase of a health policy change

Socio-economic and demographic characteristics Healthy lifestyle behaviour
  Females Males
  High Moderate Low High Moderate Low
Type of place of residence    ***    ***
   Urban 43.9 35.7 20.4 33.4 34.8 31.8
   Rural 32.3 38.0 29.7 18.6 33.4 48.0
Age group       
   18-19 40.0 38.8 21.2 23.8 41.6 34.7
   20-29 37.6 37.6 24.8 25.1 34.7 40.2
   30-39 36.8 34.7 28.5 23.5 34.7 40.2
   40-49 35.8 39.2 24.9 24.6 32.0 43.6
Marital status    **    ***
   Never married 46.2 32.1 21.7 30.0 35.4 34.6
   Currently married/cohabiting 34.4 37.5 28.1 20.8 32.2 47.0
   Formerly married 37.1 41.8 21.1 22.1 42.6 35.3
Highest level of educational attainment       ***
   No formal education 31.5 38.6 29.9 19.1 28.0 52.9
   Primary 39.6 36.1 24.4 22.1 36.3 41.6
   Secondary 41.5 36.8 21.7 38.5 33.6 28.0
   Higher 34.8 43.5 21.7 44.8 27.6 27.6
Main occupation    ***    ***
   Not working 44.0 37.7 18.3 29.2 38.6 32.2
   Professional/managerial/clerical 53.0 31.6 15.4 46.3 32.9 20.8
   Service and sales 41.0 37.0 22.0 30.7 39.2 30.2
   Agricultural and fishery 25.7 39.2 35.1 13.6 31.1 55.3
   Plant/machine operators and elementary work 47.1 31.8 21.0 30.4 30.4 39.1
Income quintile    ***    ***
   Poorest 29.5 39.5 31.0 15.4 31.6 53.1
   Poor 28.1 36.6 35.3 12.3 36.8 50.9
   Middle 32.0 39.8 28.2 15.7 34.8 49.6
   Rich 42.0 35.6 22.4 32.4 36.3 31.3
   Richest 49.5 33.4 17.0 39.2 31.9 28.9
Total 37.0 37.1 25.9 24.3 34.0 41.7
  1. High = Less healthy (more risky behaviours) Low = More healthy (less risky behaviours)
  2. ***P < 0.001 **P < 0.01 *P < 0.05 Total N (Females = 1519, Males = 1278)
  3. Source: Generated from WHS-Ghana 2003