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Table 3 Liposomal amphotericin B tiered prices (prices in USD ($)

From: A win-win solution?: A critical analysis of tiered pricing to improve access to medicines in developing countries

  Average unit price (year)* Average treatment cost (year)
Liposomal amphotericin B Gilead Lowest generic (Cipla VL price) Gilead Lowest generic (Cipla VL price)
WHO 18 (2009) 25 (2008) 252 (2009) 350 (2008)
  20 (2006)   280 (2006)  
  50 (1991)   700 (1991)  
UK private market 153 (2010)   2,142 (2010)  
  1. *Currency converted using http://www.oanda.com on 13 December 2010.
  2. Based on an average weight of 35 kg for a patient with visceral leishmaniasis, 14 vials are required for a full treatment course.
  3. VL = visceral leishmaniasis.
  4. Sources: personal communication, G. Alton, 2009.