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Table 5 The 'average/deprivation/inequality' framework

From: Understanding chronic non-communicable diseases in Latin America: towards an equity-based research agenda

Period Average perspective Deprivation perspective Inequality perspective
One period (cross-sectional) - What is the national average? - Who shows the highest level of risk factors? - What is the disparity between the least healthy and healthiest?
Over time (longitudinal) - How has the national average changed over time? - Has the situation of the most deprived improved over time? - Has the difference between the least healthy and the healthiest narrowed or increased over time?
  1. Adapted from: UNDP. [43]. Human Development Report. New York: Oxford University Press. See also De Maio et al [40].