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Table 2 Export of health services [2, 4, 5]

From: Medical tourism and policy implications for health systems: a conceptual framework from a comparative study of Thailand, Singapore and Malaysia

  Estimated earnings No. foreign patients Origin of patients
(in order of volume)
Thailand (2006) Baht 36 billion
(US$ 1.1 billion)
1.4 million Japan, USA, South Asia, UK, Middle East, ASEAN countries Cosmetic and sex change surgery
Singapore (2007) S$ 1.7 billion
(US$ 1.2 billion)
571 000 Indonesia, Malaysia, Middle East Cardiac and neuro surgery, joint replacements, liver transplants
Malaysia (2007) 253.84 million MYR
(US$78 million)
341 288 Indonesia, Singapore, Japan, India, Europe Cardiac and cosmetic surgery