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Table 2 Core Conditions Utilizing X-Ray in Resource-Poor Settings

From: Turning a blind eye: the mobilization of radiology services in resource-poor regions

Type Condition Intervention Skill Level Necessity
Chest Pneumonia Medical management Basic High
  Tuberculosis Medical management Basic High
  Pneumothorax Chest tube placement Advanced High
  Pleural effusion Thoracentesis Advanced High
  Cardiac failure Medical management Advanced Moderate
  Hemothorax Thoracentesis Advanced High
  Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease Medical management Basic Moderate
  Asthma Medical management Basic Moderate
  Lung abscess Medical management Advanced High
  Occupational lung diseases Medical management Basic Moderate
Limb Long bone fracture Reduction and fixation Advanced High
  Small bone fracture Reduction and fixation Advanced High
  Osteomyelitis Medical and surgical management Basic Moderate
  Dietary deficiency diseases (scurvy, rickets) Nutrient supplementation Basic Moderate
  1. *Skill level refers to the skills required both for diagnosis and for subsequent intervention of the generalist practitioner who might perform radiography. We indicate the skill level as such because we assume in the resource-poor context that the generalist practitioner would be required to interpret the film and perform the indicated intervention. Necessity refers to the need for the imaging modality in diagnosis and management of the condition listed.