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Table 1 Food imports, production and availability for consumption in the Central American countries, 1990/92–2003/05*, million metric tonnes

From: The implications of trade liberalization for diet and health: a case study from Central America

  Average 1990/02 Average 2003/05 % increase 1990/92–2003/05
IMPORTS Million metric tonnes
Costa Rica 0.7 1.9 173
El Salvador 1.3 2.7 112
Guatemala 1.1 2.7 144
Honduras 0.5 1.4 167
Nicaragua 0.9 1.1 15
Central America 4.5 9.6 115
PRODUCTION    
Costa Rica 7.4 11.0 49
El Salvador 6.0 7.0 16
Guatemala 15.2 24.4 61
Honduras 6.3 11.6 86
Nicaragua 3.9 6.6 67
Central America 38.8 60.6 56
AVAILABILITY FOR CONSUMPTION
Costa Rica 3.4 4.8 40
El Salvador 4.0 5.0 24
Guatemala 6.1 8.2 35
Honduras 3.6 6.4 78
Nicaragua 2.6 3.5 37
Central America 19.6 27.9 42
  1. Source: [19] * three-year average
  2. Note: Changes in imports and production do not directly relate to changes in availability because of increases in food export and consumption by animals.