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Table 1 Resistance prevalence of ten common bacteria to Ciprofloxacin in China, 1994–2000

From: Antibiotic resistance as a global threat: Evidence from China, Kuwait and the United States

unit: %
Rank Bacter.   1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 Average Resistance* Average Growth Rate*
1 Escherichia coli (ECO)   53 49 60 61 60 63 62 59 3
2 Pseudomonas aeruginosa (PAE)   9 10 7 18 13 17 18 13 17
3 Klebsiella pneumoniae (KPN)   2 4 7 8 14 17 18 10 40
4 Staphylococci epidermidis (SEP)   22 33 34 35 41 40 46 36 9
5 Staphylococci aureus (SAU) MRSA** 47 65 74 88 83 78 76 76 7
   MSSA** 8 18 10 5 8 20 14 11 8
6 Enterococcus faecalis (EFA)   25 34 28 34 32 45 45 34 9
7 Enterobacter cloacae (ECL)   12 9 13 14 22 31 30 18 26
8 Acinetobacter baumannii (ABA)   7 7 19 20 23 31 37 20 29
9 Citrobacter freundii (CFR)   10 21 20 17 22 26 26 20 10
10 Proteus mirabilis (PMI)   8 2 13 2 5 14 12 7 10
   Mean         28 15
   Median         20 10
  1. * Based on three-year running averages.
  2. ** Staphylococci aureus (SAU) is further grouped as methicillin susceptible staphylococci aureus (MSSA) and methicillin resistant staphylococci aureus (MRSA).