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Table 1 Characteristics of included studies

From: Mobile health for non-communicable diseases in Sub-Saharan Africa: a systematic review of the literature and strategic framework for research

Study (Country) N Participant characteristics Design Outcome measures Findings/Comments
Chindo et al. [21] (Cameroon) 101 Age, Sex: nr Chart review Access to mobile phones; Successful contact Three-fold increase (20% to 60%) in parents with mobile phone from 2007–2010. 59% of parents able to be contacted. 101 guardians of 285 patients.
Disease: Burkitt’s lymphoma
Setting: Two hospitals
Pastakia et al. [22] (Kenya) 641 Age: 2–88 years Single center report Change in HbA1C with home glucose monitoring Decrease in HbA1C from 13.2% to 10.5% (P < 0.001) after 3–6 months.
Sex: nr
Disease: Diabetes
Setting: Teaching hospital and satellite clinics
Parham et al. [23] (Zambia) nr Age, Sex: nr Single center report Feasibility of digital cervicography intervention Same-visit cryotherapy; referrals were feasible and bypassed historic barriers to care.
Disease: Cervical cancer
Setting: Nurses in clinics
Odigie et al. [24] (Nigeria) 1160 Age: 18–82 years Prospective Call reason and duration; patient perception; clinic attendance 98% of patients contacted their oncologist. 73% of calls to discuss illness or treatment; 26% to arrange next appointment; 1% of calls to extend social greeting. 100% of intervention patients and 19% of control patients adhered to clinic appointments.
Sex: 57% Female
Disease: Any cancer
Setting: Clinics of a teaching hospital
Rotheram-Borus et al. [25] (South Africa) 22 Age: 21–74 years Single arm intervention Uptake of text messaging, body mass index, blood pressure, styles of coping, emotional distress, sedentary time Positive effects on sleep, positive action, and coping. More text messages between buddies than to the program (19 883 vs.1321). 29% response rate to text questions. Higher diastolic blood pressure (+7 mmHg) and less spiritual hope at 6 months. High-texters had higher BMIs and more sedentary time.
Sex: 100% female
Disease: Diabetes
Setting: Local clinic
  1. Abbreviations: nr not reported, hbA1C glycosylated hemoglobin A1C, BMI body mass index.